XVI Nail Techniques and Diseases

TEA Units of Study: TEKS "Knowledge and skills" subsections covered:

A. Structure and composition of nails B. How nails grow C. Disorders and irregularities of nails D. Diseases of the nails that should not be treated in the salon E. Abilities that make a good nail technician F. Demonstrating the proper use of implements, cosmetics, and materials used in manicuring and pedicuring G. The five basic nail shapes H. Demonstrating massage techniques used in manicuring and pedicuring I. Demonstrating a plain manicure J. Demonstrating a plain pedicure K. Sanitary and safety precautions that should be observed when performing a manicure or pedicure L. Preservice and postservice steps of an artificial nail procedure M. Demonstrating the basic procedure for applying: 1. Tips 2. Wraps 3. Acrylic nails 4. Gels N. Chemistry of acrylic nails O. Safety precautions that must be followed when applying artificial nails

  • (1) The student investigates the employability characteristics of a successful worker in the workplace.
    • (A) integrate organizational policies, procedures, and regulations to establish personal care organization priorities; accomplish the mission; and provide high-quality service to a diverse set of clients
  • (2) The student combines academic skills with cosmetology requirements.
    • (A) apply principles of biology, identifying living tissues, cells, and organisms to provide and select safe and effective personal care products and services
    • (B) classify and apply principles of chemistry and explain the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of chemical processes to provide a broad range of personal care services
    • (C) examine and apply basic principles of human anatomy to determine areas of potential problems and provide customized personal care services
  • (3) The student applies the rules and regulations established by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation.
    • (A) review and implement emergency policies and procedures regarding health and safety
    • (B) research risks and potentially hazardous situations to maintain a clean record of safety when providing personal care services
    • (C) perform at least one-third of practical applications as required by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation or the governing body
  • (4) The student describes the function and operates the tools, equipment, technologies, human resources, and materials used in cosmetology.
    • (A) locate and compare vendor and sole-source provider resources to maximize benefits for personal care clients, businesses, or organizations
  • (5) The student integrates the academic and technical knowledge and skills for cosmetology to simulated and actual work situations.
    • (A) analyze and guide individuals in recognizing concerns and making informed decisions to select personal care services
    • (B) create an individualized plan that reflects client preferences, needs, and interests in order to follow a course of treatment or action
    • (C) apply time-management principles and techniques to achieve objectives and effectively serve clients
    • (D) review client satisfaction with solutions, procedures, and products to enhance future services and interactions
    • (E) implement ethical and legal conduct while working in the personal care industry


  • Milady’s Standard: Cosmetology, Cengage Learning, Inc./Delmar Learning, 2004 – Chapters 24, 25, 26

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