State of the Economy and Travel Decisions

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Hospitality and Tourism

    Course : Travel and Tourism Management

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student gains academic knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the travel and tourism industry. The student is expected to:
      • (A) organize oral and written information
      • (F) summarize how to use the state of the economy to plan products and services
    • (3) The student solves problems using critical thinking, innovation and creativity independently and in teams. The student is expected to:
      • (A) generate creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions
      • (B) guide individuals through the process of making informed travel decisions
    • (7) The student uses leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives. The student is expected to:
      • (A) apply team-building skills
      • (B) apply decision-making and problem-solving skills
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • analyze the state of the economy
    • identify local products and services for a staycation
    • understand how to use the state of the economy to plan products and services
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Why is the economy important to travel? How does a good economy affect us? In this lesson, we will learn how vital the economy is to the travel and tourism industry and how it will affect jobs.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minutes lessons

  • Word Wall

    Brainstorm: A group problem-solving techniques that involve the spontaneous contribution of ideas from all members of the group

    Discretionary Income: The money that is left over after paying for necessities of life such as food, shelter and clothing and is used to buy things that a person doesn’t necessarily need but wants

    Economic expansion: An increase in the level of economic activity and of the goods and services available

    Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period; usually calculated on an annual basis

    Recession: A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in Gross Domestic Product in two successive quarters

    Staycation: A vacation spent in one’s home country rather than abroad or one spent at home and involving day trips to local attractions

    Teamwork: Learning to effectively communicate, resolve conflicts and develop negotiation skills as a group effort

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (Be sure to follow district guidelines)
    • light projector (Elmo)
    • presenter remote

    Supplies:

    • advertisements (entertainment, food, gifts, lodging, recreation and transportation)
    • globe
    • map of the United States
    • play money (large and small denominations)
    • souvenirs (various)

    —-

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Display as many items from the Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed tab as you have available on a table in front of the room so that students may view as they enter.

    Divide the class into two groups.

    Distribute large denominations of play money to one group and smaller denominations to the other group.

    Explain to the class that during a good economy, people travel more and spend more money on tourism products and services. During a slow economy, people tend to stay closer to home and spend less money on tourism products and services.

    Based on the amount of money each group has, instruct them to make a decision as to where they would like to travel.

    Assign two scribes to write the decisions on the board.

    One student will write the title – Slow Economy and the other student will write the title Good Economy.

    Ask students to share their decisions as to where they would travel under each of the titles.

    Lead a discussion with the students about their decisions.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Select and distribute a handout or graphic organizer such as Note-Taking or Hospitality and Tourism Suitcases Note-taking from the Instructional Strategies drop down menu in Classroom Essentials or instruct students to take notes in their journal books or on their own paper.
    http://cte.sfasu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Note-Taking.pdf
    http://cte.sfasu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Hospitality-and-Tourism-suitcases-Note-taking.pdf

    Distribute the handout U.S. Travel Answer Sheet (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and review the facts about the impact travel has on the economy.

    Distribute the graphic organizer The Economics of Travel (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and instruct students to list some facts about each of the economies during the slide presentation.

    Introduce the PowerPoint™ State of the Economy and Travel Decisions (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will be expected to take notes while viewing the slide presentation. Allow time for classroom discussion.

    Place the handout The Power of Travel (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on the light projector and discuss how travel dollars support America with profits, salaries, wages and taxes.

    View YouTube™ video:

    • What makes the world go round?
      World Travel and Tourism Council
      Recognizing the impressive role tourism plays in world economy. Tourism is an “industry you can bank on”!
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMqHEAufxQY

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • highlight materials for emphasis
    • provide printed PowerPoint™ for assistance with note-taking

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Divide the class into subgroups of six.

    Distribute the graphic organizer Staycation in Your Community (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to the groups and instruct students to brainstorm local products and services available in their community.

    Place a copy of the Staycation in Your Community graphic organizer on the light projector and ask a member of the first group to share their ideas with the class while another member of the group records the responses. Ask the class if they have other suggestions.

    Continue with each group sharing their ideas for each area.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assist with topic choices
    • note-taking assistance

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Divide the class into subgroups of two.

    Place the handout Travel Impact – TX (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on a light projector and review the important points. Other states may be accessed at:

    Place the Travel and Tourism Products and Services (see All Lesson Attachments tab) cards in a basket. Allow one partner from each group to pick a card.

    Read the following scenario:

    You and your partner work for a travel company and need to plan a product and service for a particular event, food venue, lodging or type of transportation based on a good or slow economy. What will you and your partner do?

    Distribute the graphic organizer Travel Products and Services for the Economy (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and instruct the students summarize a plan for a travel product and service. They may use advertisements or the Internet to gather the information.

    Distribute the Rubric for Travel Products and Services (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students understand what is expected.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • reduce assignment
    • extended time for assignment

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute the handout 3-2-1 Lesson Closure (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and instruct the students to answer the statements based on the lesson.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be assessed with the appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • praise participation
    • opportunity to respond orally

  • References/Resources

    Article:

    Textbook:

    • Ninemeier, J. D. & Perdue, J. (2008). Discovering hospitality and tourism. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
    • Reynolds, J. S. (2010). _Hospitality services: Food & lodging. Tinley Park, IL: Goodheart-Willcox Company.

    Websites:

    YouTube™:

    • What makes the world go round?
      World Travel and Tourism Council
      Recognizing the impressive role tourism plays in world economy. Tourism is an “industry you can bank on”!
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMqHEAufxQY
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • add terms and definitions to personal dictionary
    • journal entries
    • use “word wall” for vocabulary words
    • work with a peer tutor
    • peer to read materials
    • highlighted materials for emphasis
    • shortened simplified instructions
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Allow students to read these articles to find out more about decision-making.

    • Five Economic Factors
      A nation’s economy can be highly volatile and is often a function of a variety of factors. In a strong economy, unemployment is low and consumers enjoy increased spending power. In a struggling economy, more people are out of work and consumer confidence dwindles.
      http://www.ehow.com/list_6059553_five-economic-factors.html
    • How Economics Affects Tourism
      International tourism is an industry that has dramatically risen since the 1980s, as the price of traveling internationally has fallen with airfares. This has created a situation where countries with few exports suddenly have tourism to rely on — even though it is mostly a service-based industry within a country, tourism is still an export because it brings foreign money in.
      http://www.ehow.com/info_7772892_economics-affects-tourism.html

    Reading strategy:

    Encourage students to “visualize” as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scratch paper as they read. Providing students with graphic organizers to help them organize their thoughts is also helpful.

  • Quotes

    Tourism is the number one service that we export. Number one. And that means jobs.
    -President Barack Obama

    Whenever you see a successful business, someone once made a courageous decision.
    -Peter F. Drucker

    When your values are clear to you, making decisions becomes easier.
    -Roy E. Disney

    Making good decisions is a crucial skill at every level.
    -Peter Drucker

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • State of the Economy and Travel Decisions
    • Presentation Notes – State of the Economy and Travel Decisions

    Technology:

    • Infographics:
      • The Economic Impact of Tourism
        Everyone loves to travel, right? Well, if you’re a government official responsible for making sure people visit your country, you really love it. For many countries in the world, tourism is their biggest industry.
        http://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4067513.html

    Files for downloading:

    Note: The PowerPoint™ could not be uploaded due to the size of the file with the video and graphics. Please contact us if you need the slide presentation in the original format.

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers

    • Staycation in Your Community
    • The Economics of Travel
    • The Economics of Travel (Key)
    • Travel Products and Services for the Economy
    • Travel Products and Services for the Economy (example)

    Handouts:

    • 3-2-1 Lesson Closure
    • Power of Travel Chart
    • Rubric for Travel Products and Services
    • Travel Impact – TX
    • Travel Means Jobs
    • U.S. Travel Answer Sheet

    Teacher Resource:

    • Travel and Tourism Products and Services

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • The economics of travel are important because …
    • During a slow economy, people spend their money …
    • While traveling, I like to …

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT (Role/Audience/Format/Topic) writing strategy:
      • Role – travel agent
      • Audience – future customers
      • Topic – the state of the economy is good – let’s travel!
      • Format – advertisement

    Design an advertisement based on the good state of economic conditions for future customers.

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Three things about the impact of economics on travel are …
    • During a good economy, people …
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students may research economic conditions in various countries and plan a travel package for a family of four.

    Infographic:

    Infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present complex information quickly and clearly.

    The infographic below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the image on a projector and lead a discussion concerning the information provided.

    • The Economic Impact of Tourism
      Everyone loves to travel, right? Well, if you’re a government official responsible for making sure people visit your country, you really love it. For many countries in the world, tourism is their biggest industry.
      http://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4067513.html
  • Family/Community Connection

    During a recession, families do not travel as much.

    Talk with your family and plan a “staycation” in your community that would not involve a lot of money but would allow your family to visit museums, parks and other places of interest.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://www.texasfccla.org

    • Hospitality, Tourism and Recreation
      An individual or team event – recognizes participants who demonstrate their knowledge of the hospitality, tourism and recreation industries and ability to translate their knowledge into a hypothetical or real business. Project must relate to culinary, lodging, recreation, tourism or event coordination.
    • Interpersonal Communications
      An individual or team event – recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations skills and apply communication techniques to develop a project designed to strengthen communication.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to this lesson.
    www.ysa.org

    Possible idea:

    Students may study the economic effects of their community and plan activities to draw visitors, such as bird watching and eco-tourism.

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