Rights, Responsibilities and Realities of Parenting

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Child Guidance

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student analyzes roles and responsibilities of caregivers. The student is expected to:
      • (H) investigate parenting skills and responsibilities, including child support and other legal rights and responsibilities that come with parenthood
      • (I) analyze relationship skills, including money management, communication skills, and marriage preparation
    • (6) The student makes informed career decisions that reflect personal, family, and career goals. The student is expected to:
      • (E) demonstrate effective verbal, nonverbal, written, and electronic communication skills
      • (F) demonstrate skills and characteristics of leaders and effective team members
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • differentiate parenting skills and responsibilities
    • identify strategies to focus on your relationship in a positive way
    • investigate the information in the Child Support Handbook
    • demonstrate effective verbal, nonverbal, written, and electronic communication skills
  • Rationale

    As a child guidance professional, it is important to understand the vital role you have in the development of a child. What are the roles of a caregiver? It is important that you understand parenting dynamics and understand child support, custody cases and divorce issues. It will benefit the children in your care and will help to build rapport with the parents. This lesson will also focus on appropriate communication skills, marriage preparation, and money management skills in the maintenance of a successful personal relationship.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Four 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Arrearage: Unpaid payment for past periods owed by a parent who the court has ordered to pay child support

    Caregiver: Any person other than a parent who provides routine care for a child

    Child Support: Child support is money a parent pays to help meet his/her child’s needs when the parent is not living with the child

    Child Support Order: The ongoing obligation for a periodic payment made directly or indirectly by a non-custodial parent to a custodial parent, caregiver or guardian, or the government, for the care and support of a child

    Communication: The imparting or interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs

    Garnishment: A legal proceeding under which part of a person’s wages and/or assets is withheld for payment of a debt. This term is usually used to specify that an income or wage withholding is involuntary

    Legal Custody: Is the right and responsibility to make decisions relating to the health, education, and welfare of a child. Usually, a parent with legal custody is authorized to decide whether the child will enroll at a given family child care home or center

    Noncustodial Parent: Is a parent who does not have physical and/or legal custody of his/her child by court order

    Non-Verbal Communication: Body language, eye contact, appearance, and facial expressions.

    Paternity Establishment: Paternity establishment is the process to determine the legal parental relationship between a man and a child based on an Affidavit of Parentage or a court order

    Physical Custody: Is the right and responsibility to supervise and reside with a child, subject to the rights of the other parent to visitation

    Relationship: The relation connecting or binding participants in a relationship

    Verbal Communication: Voice and tone

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (be sure to follow district guidelines for Internet access)
    • presenter remote

    Materials:

    • basket (for drawing cards)

    Supplies:

    • child support pamphlets
    • children’s clothing
    • play food
    • play money

    • copies of all handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Note to teacher – cut the Child Support Cards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) apart. They will be used during the Independent Practice activity.

    Read the following quiz to become familiar with it.

    Display as many items from the Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed section as you have available on a table in the front of the room.

    Students will take a quiz to recognize the roles and responsibilities of parenting at
    https://www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/ofi/papa/quiz_parenting.shtml

    With the students, read the questions and answer selections to the quiz.

    Questions to ask students after completing the activity:

    • What does the child support program do?
    • How is paternity established?
    • Why do minor parents have to provide their parent/legal guardian’s information?
    • How can the child guidance professional tell who really has custody of a child?
    • What rights do children have in Texas custody cases?
    • What are some parenting skills and responsibilities?

    Distribute K-W-H-L Chart (see All Lesson Attachments tab). The K-W-H-L graphic organizer generates students’ prior knowledge by asking them what they already Know; assists with setting goals specifying what they Want to learn; guides them to think about How they will learn it; leading to what they have Learned. The students will complete the first three sections and will complete the last section at Lesson Closure.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Distribute What are the Rights, Responsibilities and Realities as a Parent? (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout prior to viewing the PowerPoint™. Students will read each statement and place a true or false answer on the before (left hand) column of the handout. After they have answered each statement, students are to put the handout away for later use during lesson closure.

    Distribute Rights, Responsibilities and Realities of Parenting Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will be expected to take notes while viewing the slide presentation. Teacher to determine the notes which will be recorded by students.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Rights, Responsibilities and Realities of Parenting (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and begin the discussion with students. Allow for questions and answers to check for understanding.

    Pause at slide 15. View and discuss Child Support Program of Texas at https://www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/about/index.shtml

    Pause at slide 16. View and discuss Texas Family Code at http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/FA/htm/FA.151.htm#151.001

    Pause at slide 19. View and discuss Monthly Child Support at https://www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/calculator/

    Pause at slide 22. View and discuss Office of Child Support Enforcement at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/css/resource/state-and-tribal-child-support-agency-contacts

    Pause at slide 26. View and discuss For Our Children: Learning to Work Together at https://www.oag.state.tx.us/media/videos/play.php?image=cs_for_our_children&id=182

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • copy of slide presentation provided
    • allow students to make illustrations instead of writing out information

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Note to teacher: Prior to distributing Take 15 (see All Lesson Attachments tab), make sure to provide explicit instructions to the students regarding the types of activities that may be included on the handout.

    Distribute handout Take 15 (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Taking 15 minutes to focus on your relationship in a positive way is a good strategy to keep it on the right path. Individually, students are to list and describe ten ways a person can interact with their significant other for 15 minutes and the benefits of the interaction. Then, write a summary sentence at the bottom of the page.

    Place students in male/female groups to simulate an engaged couple. Distribute Communication Skills (see All Lesson Attachments tab). The following activity will help the students evaluate communication skills in preparation for marriage. Working with an engagement simulation partner, students will have a discussion about a relevant topic (finances, where to live, educational goals, career decisions, household duties, or whether or not to have children). Then they will read each statement and place a check in the column that best represents how they feel about the statement. They will explain how the following poor communication skills could affect the success of a marriage relationship.

    Questions to ask students after completing the activities:

    • Why are these activities important to build a relationship? In marriage preparation? As a marriage partner?
    • Why is spending quality time with a person an important component in the roles and responsibilities of parenting?
    • How would you apply what you learned about communication skills to having a successful relationship?
    • What other types of activities could assist couples in their relationship?

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • prioritize assignments
    • extra time for assignments
    • opportunity to respond orally

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be studying the information in the Child Support Handbook (see All Lesson Attachments tab). You may make copies or refer to the handbook at:

    Separate Child Support Cards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and place in a basket. There are seven topics to select from. Blank cards have been provided for writing any other information you may want to include. Divide the students into subgroups of three or four and explain that they will choose one topic from the basket. Using A Study on Child Support (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout, they will read and study the information on the topic they selected.

    Topics include:

    • Finding the Noncustodial Parent
    • Establishing Fatherhood
    • Establishing the Support Order
    • Collecting Support
    • Where the Money Goes
    • Working Across Borders
    • Noncustodial Parents’ Rights and Responsibilities

    After reading their section of the Child Labor Handbook, they will:

    1. Study and explain the material by:

    • Clarify the contents by discussing the important issues. What conclusions can be drawn from this text?
    • Create examples, illustrations, or applications of the information or idea.
    • Identify points that are confusing or with which they disagree. Why are the points confusing or why do they disagree?
    • Argue with the text; develop an opposing point of view. How would they change it and why?
    • Assess how well they understand the material. What conclusions can they draw about the validity of information?

    2. Assign jobs to group members such as facilitator, timekeeper, recorder, or spokesperson.
    3. They will present their information to the class during Summative/End of Lesson Assessment.
    4. They will be assessed by Rubric for Group Project (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Distribute Rubric for Group Project (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students understand what is expected.

    Note to teacher: You may distribute Article STOP and JOT handout to assist students with reading the text. After reading EACH paragraph, students JOT down its main idea or key points. This strategy will allow students to gather and process their finding and thoughts prior to writing a summary. This may be used as a Special Education modification. Retrieve handout at http://cte.sfasu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Article-STOP-and-JOT.pdf

    Allow time for discussion of the topic.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • emphasis on major points
    • exemption from reading before peers
    • assistance in class discussions
    • special projects in lieu of assignments

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Students will retrieve What are the Rights, Responsibilities and Realities as a Parent? handout they completed at the beginning of Direct Instruction. Students are to respond to the statements again in the after (right hand) column. As a class, compare the two sets of answers.

    Students will complete the last section of the K-W-H-L Chart.

    Distribute handout Lesson Closure Activity (see All Lesson Attachments tab). The lesson closures activity is an instructional strategy which allows students to summarize main ideas, evaluate class processes, answer questions posed at the beginning of the lesson, and link to both the past and future. It also allows the teacher to evaluate the progress of the students and lesson.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present their information on their particular topic from the Child Support Handbook.

    Students will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allow extended time for writing assignments
    • provide more time for practice of certain tasks
    • provide computers for writing tasks

  • References/Resources

    • Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft.

    Textbook:

    • Decker, C. (2011). Child development: Early stages through age 12. (5th ed.). Tinley Park: Goodheart-Willcox Company.

    Websites:

    • National Fatherhood Initiative
      Mission is to improve the well-being of children in America by increasing the number of children who are raised by a responsible, committed and loving father. Offers press releases, newsletter, columns, tips and online resources.
      http://www.fatherhood.org
    • National Network for Child Care
      Information- an Internet source of over 1,000 research-based and reviewed publications and resources related to child care.
      www.nncc.org
    • Parenting and Paternity Awareness (p.a.p.a.)
      p.a.p.a. is an innovative educational curriculum designed for secondary school students and young adults that deals with rights, responsibilities, and realities of parenting.
      www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/ofi/papa
    • Texas Attorney General
      As the official child support enforcement agency for the State of Texas, the Office of the Attorney General provides services for parents who wish to obtain or provide support for their children.
      https://www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/

    Video:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • use drawings, dramatic gestures, actions, emotions, voice, mime, chalkboard sketches, photographs and visual materials to provide clues to meaning
    • if necessary, repeat your actions using the same simple structures and actions
    • simplify your message as much as possible breaking them into smaller, manageable parts
      to give newcomers a chance at comprehending
    • make sure the student’s attention is focused
    • don’t insist, however, that students make eye contact with you when you are speaking to them. This is considered rude in many cultures
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    Roberto D’Angelo + Francesca Fedeli: In our baby’s illness, a life lesson
    Roberto D’Angelo and Francesca Fedeli thought their baby boy Mario was healthy — until at 10 days old, they discovered he’d had a perinatal stroke. With Mario unable to control the left side of his body, they grappled with tough questions: Would he be “normal?” Could he live a full life? The poignant story of parents facing their fears — and how they turned them around.
    https://www.ted.com/talks/roberto_d_angelo_francesca_fedeli_in_our_baby_s_illness_a_life_lesson

    • Parenting and Paternity Awareness (p.a.p.a.)
      p.a.p.a. is an innovative educational curriculum designed for secondary school students and young adults that deals with rights, responsibilities, and realities of parenting.
      https://www.oag.state.tx.us/cs/ofi/papa/Students.shtml

    Students can participate in the following activities:

    • p.a.p.a. for students
    • What’s p.a.p.a. all about?
    • Take the “What do you know about the law and parenting?” quiz
    • View the videos contained in the p.a.p.a. DVD
    • Web resources for student research projects
    • Visit the Texas Teen Page

    Have you ever wondered what makes an infant coo or a toddler tick? Child Care Licensing invites you to a new series of web-based training courses designed with you in mind! Students can participate in these online training courses. External Links are quick, free, and an easy way to learn about an infant or toddler. They cover topics such as:

    • The benefits of developing healthy eating habits at a young age.
    • How to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
    • The importance of good communication with your child care provider
    • Tips on how to understand and deal with difficult behavior in your toddler
  • Classes are 1-2 hours in length, available online, and FREE! Please visit the link below to see the training topics and learn more about infants and toddlers today!
    These courses were created and developed by the Texas Agrilife Extension Service (part of the Texas A & M System) in cooperation with Child Care Licensing. They were made possible by funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
    http://infanttoddler.tamu.edu

  • Family/Community Connection

    • Have students research the internet about children with special needs and type reports describing the condition and the suggested ways a caregiver can optimize their physical, emotional, social and intellectual development. Have students give oral reports on their findings.
      Topic examples: diabetes, down syndrome, epilepsy, mental impairments, sickle cell anemia, cerebral palsy, and AIDS.
    • Invite an owner/worker of a local day care center to speak to the students about the responsibilities of a caregiver.
  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA) www.fcclainc.org

    STAR Events:

    • Applied Technology – An individual or team event: Recognizes participants who develop a project using technology that addresses a concern related to Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations. The project integrates and applies content from academic subjects.
    • Chapter Service Project (Display and Manual): A team event – recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools, and communities. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need.
    • Families First- Students display research posters, mobiles, tri-fold boards on the development of an infant at a school open house or community
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson.
    http://www.nylc.org/

    Possible ideas:

    • The students will demonstrate their service learning skills by recycling, repairing and donating educational toys to a local daycare/women’s shelter/children’s home.

    As a reflection, the students will evaluate how their skills aided them in the project.
    Do they feel they made an impact at the community venue and school?
    Did the project achieve its purpose?
    What might you do differently next time?
    What did each student gain from this experience and contribution including both in learning and in the service?