Positive Guidance = Positive Children

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Child Guidance

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (5) The student summarizes appropriate guidance techniques for children of various ages and developmental levels. The student is expected to:
      • (A) identify the various types of guidance and the effects on children
      • (B) determine appropriate guidance techniques
      • (D) identify strategies that deter abusive behavior
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • recognize the differences between redirection, time-out, and limited choices related to guidance techniques and how they deter abusive behavior
    • evaluate scenarios that relate to guiding children using positive guidance
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Positive guidance is necessary for the development of young children. Understanding the differences among guidance techniques will help you understand how to more effectively work with children as a future child guidance professional, future parent, or child care provider.

  • Duration of Lesson

    three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Consistency: Steadfast adherence to the same principles

    Discipline: Punishment inflicted by way of correction and training

    Example: A pattern or model, as of something to be imitated or avoided

    Guidance: Assistance; showing direction

    Redirection: To change the direction or focus of a situation

    Self-discipline: Discipline and training of oneself, usually for improvement

    Time out: Used when child needs to cool off, keeps parent from yelling; should be used as little as possible

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • use of computer lab or computer cart
    • video camera, may be checked out from school library

    Materials:

    • construction paper, 24 pieces of 8 1/2” x 11”
    • markers
    • tape
    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Tape 24 pieces of 8 1/2” x 11” construction paper to the wall.
    __

    As the students walk into the classroom, hand each a marker.

    Each student is to write one example of positive guidance for children on one piece of construction paper.

    Discuss student responses. Identify various types of guidance and their effects on children.

    Complete the first two sections of handout KWL Chart Child Guidance, (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Introduce YouTube video, Behavior Management – Positive Guidance Techniques
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQOpSqMwJNU
    Discuss. Have students write a one sentence summary.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ presentation, Positive Guidance is the Key (see All Lesson Attachment tab).

    Explain and give examples of the three different types of guidance techniques:

    • redirection
    • limited choices
    • time out

    Inform students that using any one of these positive guidance techniques can help deter abusive behavior by reducing the frustration.

    Discuss the importance of using positive language versus negative language when talking with children.

    Allow for discussion and questions.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encouraging participation
    • allowing extra time to answer questions

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Divide class into groups.

    Each group will create a list of five negative statements that are often used to correct children’s behavior. Have students practice rewording the negative statements into positive statements. Example: “Don’t leave your toys on the floor” can be converted to “Put your toys back in the toy box.” “Don’t hit the cat!” converts to “This is how you pet the cat.” (model behavior)

    Allow students to share their statements.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing for extra time for assignment
    • providing feedback
    • continuously checking for understanding

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute and provide instructions for handout Positive Language (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will complete activity in class.

    Why should discipline and guidance differ according to the child’s age?

    Divide class into subgroups. Introduce project.
    Your team has been hired by a state agency to develop a booklet for parents on specific ways to discipline children based on age:
    0-3 months
    3-6 months
    6-12 months
    12-18 months
    18-36 months
    3-5 years
    5 years to school age

    Child Development Institute
    Students may use the following website as one reliable source to obtain useful information on positive parenting guidance.
    http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/parenting/

    Provide students with a copy of Rubric for Child Guidance Booklet that will be used to assess the project. Review all rubric components.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing student to complete assignments at home
    • eliminating one of the answer choices for each question on handout

  • Lesson Closure

    Review terms, definitions and lesson objectives. Check for understanding.

    Randomly select students to give an example of using positive language as guidance.

    Provide opportunities for students to give examples of the three guidance techniques that were discussed in the lesson.

    Have students complete the last section of the handout KWL Chart Child Guidance.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Assess student project with Rubric for Child Guidance Booklet (see All Lessons Attachment tab).

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • shorten length of project and/or presentation
    • using positive reinforcement

  • References/Resources

    Website:

    YouTube:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Word Wall
    • Use of sentence stems:

    It is important to use positive guidance with children because ___________________.

    Positive guidance _____________.
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Locate and provide handout/poem ‘Children Learn What They Live’ to students. Have students use the prereading strategy “prediction” prior to reading the poem. Have students read the title and briefly scan the poem and make “prediction” the content of the poem they are about to read.

    Allow individual students to volunteer read each stanza.

    Upon completion, as a class, discuss the connection between the poem and previously acquired knowledge from the lesson.

  • Quotes

    The path to guidance is one of love and compassion, not of force and coercion.
    -Bab

    The years of early childhood are the time to prepare the soil.
    -Rachel Carson

    Children require guidance and sympathy far more than instruction.
    - Anne Sullivan

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    Multimedia/Visual Strategy:

    • Use video camera to video tape students role-playing guidance scenarios.
    • Have students role play and create a “movie“’ relating to positive guidance techniques. Students can create skits depicting examples of ways child care providers can use redirection, consistency and time out.

    PowerPoint™

    • Positive Guidance is the Key
    • Presentation Notes for Positive Guidance is the Key!

    Technology:

    • Infographic
      • Bullying: What You Need to Know
        Bullying is a serious problem that affects kids nationwide, and all adults have a role in helping to stop it. Here are some of the most revealing statistics behind bullying – and how to detect it and take action.
        http://www.stopbullying.gov/
    • Tedx Talk
      • Angela Patton: A father-daughter dance … in prison
        At Camp Diva, Angela Patton works to help girls and fathers stay connected and in each others’ lives. But what about girls whose fathers can’t be there — because they’re in jail? Patton tells the story of a very special father-daughter dance. (Filmed at TEDxWomen)
        https://www.ted.com/talks/angela_patton_a_father_daughter_dance_in_prison

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers

    • KWL Chart Child Guidance

    Handouts

    • Poem Child Learn What They Live
    • Handout – Positive Language
    • Handout – Guidance Scenarios
    • Rubric for Child Guidance Booklet

    Files for Downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries

    • When you were younger, how did your parents use positive guidance to correct your behavior?
    • Recall a time when you were sent to time out. Explain the situation and the outcome.
    • Why is it important to model good behavior in front of children?

    Writing Strategy

    RAFT Strategy: Students place themselves in the role of a writer.

    • Role: Child
    • Audience: Parents
    • Format: Poem
    • Topic: Need for Positive Guidance

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Why positive guidance is needed when working with children.
    • Positive Guidance Technique
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Have student observe a group of children at a child care center or elementary school. Have students document guidance techniques they observe and how the children respond.

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    Camp Diva, Angela Patton works to help girls and fathers stay connected and in each others’ lives. But what about girls whose fathers can’t be there — because they’re in jail? Patton tells the story of a very special father-daughter dance. (Filmed at TEDxWomen)
    https://www.ted.com/talks/angela_patton_a_father_daughter_dance_in_prison

  • Family/Community Connection

    Have parents and student create two written ‘situations’ where a child becomes upset, angry or wants something. They must tell what type of guidance technique and positive language they would use to appropriately diffuse the situation.

    Example: A child comes to you and says he/she is thirsty. How do you handle this situation? (limited choices)
  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
    http://texasfccla.org

    • Focus on Children/Illustrated Talk
      Focus on Children – An individual or team event that recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences skills to plan and conduct a child development project that has a positive impact on children and the community.
    • Illustrated Talk – An individual or team event that recognizes participants who make an oral presentation about issues concerning Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations. Participants use visuals to illustrate content of the presentation.

    Topics could include:

    • Guidance and the Positive Benefits
    • Guidance Techniques
  • Service Learning Projects

    Child Guidance students can volunteer at a local elementary after school program and practice their positive guidance/reinforcement skills. Students will be required to keep an updated log of their visits, observations and analysis.

    After completion of project, students will write a personal reflection evaluating how their positive guidance/reinforcement techniques impacted the children.

    • Do they feel they made an impact?
    • Did the project achieve its purpose?
    • What might they do differently next time?
    • What knowledge did they gain from this experience?