Nutrition Science for Life!

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Hospitality and Tourism

    Course : Food Science

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (15) The student describes the basic nutrients and their specific properties as related to food science. The student is expected to:
      • (C) explain the use of the five main nutrients in relation to the Food Guide Pyramid and/or the Dietary Guidelines
      • (D) discuss the importance of fiber in the diet
    • (27) The student understands the importance of developing lifelong skills. The student is expected to:
      • (A) demonstrate the use of oral and written communication skills such as writing technical reports, letters, and memos; communicating technical information to a nontechnical audience, and making formal and informal presentations
      • (C) apply critical-thinking skills to new situations
      • (D) demonstrate the highest standards of professional integrity and ethical values
      • (E) work and interact with individuals from diverse cultures
      • (F) explain the skills necessary for lifelong learning
      • (G) work effectively with others
      • (H) provide leadership in a variety of situations
      • (J) research scientific and nonscientific information
      • (K) competently use library resources
      • (L) manage time effectively
      • (M) facilitate group projects
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify the food groups in MyPlate to build a healthy plate
    • classify their daily recommendations for the five food groups
    • determine the importance of fiber in their diet
    • analyze the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
    • track their eating habits
    • survey their peers and their eating habits
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Are you eating the right foods? Are you eating enough of the right foods to get the daily recommended amounts for good health? Today, we are going to find out how much of the right foods we need to avoid health related illnesses and diseases as well as the importance of fiber in our diet.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Science-based guidelines about nutrition and physical activity for healthy Americans over the age of two

    Fiber: Complex carbohydrates that help the digestion process

    MyPlate: Illustrates the five food groups that are the building blocks for a healthy diet using a familiar image—a place setting for a meal.

    Note: Many other terms on the slide presentation can be identified. Encourage students to include the definition in the assignment.

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • light projector (Elmo)
    • presenter/remote

    Materials:

    • ChooseMyPlate Poster
    • food replicas (various, if available) or magazine pictures
      • dairy products
      • fruits
      • grain foods
      • protein foods
      • vegetables

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Display as many of the items from the Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed tab as you have available.

    Ask students the following questions:

    • How much fruit is needed daily?
    • How many vegetables are needed daily or weekly?
    • How many grain foods are needed daily?
    • How much food from the protein foods group is needed daily?
    • How much food from the dairy group is needed daily?
    • How much is your allowance for oils?

    Lead a discussion on the importance of eating the right foods daily – eating for life!

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute MyPlate Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students should divide plate in sections and identify the parts of the plate.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Nutrition Science for Life! (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and discuss the five food groups from ChooseMyPlate.gov.

    View YouTube™ video:

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • providing assistance with note-taking

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute handout How Much Do I Need? (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students can fill in their amounts of daily recommendations.

    Display the following handouts on a light projector (see All Lesson Attachments tab):

    • How Much Fruit is Needed Daily?
    • How Many Vegetables are Needed Daily or Weekly?
    • How Many Grain Foods are Needed Daily?
    • How Much Food from the Protein Foods Group is Needed Daily?
    • How Much Food from the Dairy Group is Needed Daily?
    • How Much is My Allowance for Oils?

    For the fiber daily recommendations, click on the link and print the page to show the light projector.

    Be sure to discuss the importance of fiber in the diet.

    The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 are the best science-based advice on how to eat for health and encourage all Americans to eat a healthy diet and be physically active.

    Distribute the graphic organizer Dietary Guidelines for Americans Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may take notes from the brochure.

    Distribute brochure Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and allow students to read the material.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • providing peer tutoring
    • reducing length of assignment
    • assisting student in gathering information and preparing graphs

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute handout Use SuperTracker Your Way (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Allow students to log onto:

    Students may log the food they have eaten as well as their physical activity. This will allow them an opportunity to track their nutrient intake.

    Option: Divide the class into subgroups of four. Explain to the class that they will be taking a survey of the eating habits of their peers using SurveyMonkey.com (free program).

    Each group should brainstorm five questions pertaining to foods that they and their peers eat.

    For example:

    • Do you eat vegetables?
    • Do you eat fruit?
    • Do you know why it is important to eat fruits and vegetables?

    Combine all of the groups and decide on the questions and number of questions that will be on the survey.

    Once the questions are compiled, assign a scribe to input the data. The data should be compiled by age and gender of the person surveyed.

    Each student should ask five more students to take the survey to find out how healthy their peers eat.

    Distribute handout Rubric for Group Project – Nutrition Survey (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students know what will be expected.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assisting student in gathering information
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson terms, definitions and objectives.

    Ask students to predict the answers to the following questions:

    • Who do you think are the healthiest eaters – males or females?
    • What age group eats the healthiest?
    • Are students eating fruits and vegetables?
    • Are students familiar with the MyPlate food groups?
    • What do you think will be the results of the survey?

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    The results of the survey will be presented to the class. Compare the results to the predictions in the Lesson Closure section.

    Students will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • grading according to work done
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • References/Resources

    Textbooks:

    • Duyff, R. L. (2010). Food, nutrition & wellness. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.
    • Ward, J.D., & Ward, L.T. (2013). Principles of food science. Tinley Park, IL: Goodheart-Willcox Company.

    YouTube™:

    Websites:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Have students read articles related to the nutrition and the dietary guidelines from reliable sources. The following articles are from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics – the world’s largest of food and nutrition professionals.
    http://www.eatright.org/

    Reading Strategy:
    Encourage students to “visualize” as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scrap paper as they read. Providing students with graphic organizers to help them organize their thoughts is also helpful.

  • Quotes

    The new Dietary Guidelines provide concrete action steps to help people live healthier, more physically active and longer lives.
    -HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius

    The act of nutrition is not a purely physiological event…The family meal is a formality that cultivates in us….a capacity for sharing, generosity, thoughtfulness, a talent for civilized conversation.
    -Francine Du Plessix Gray

    I’s nutty for nutrition. I’ve become one of those people who can’t stop talking about the connection between food and health. Now that I know how much changing what you eat can transform your life, I can’t stop proselytizing.
    -Robin Quivers

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Nutrition Science for Life!
    • Presentation Notes – Nutrition Science for Life!

    Technology:

    • TED Talks:
      • I Love Nutrition Science: Dr. Joel Fuhrman at TEDxCharlottesville 2013
        Joel Fuhrman, M.D., is a board-certified family physician, NYew York Times best-selling author and nutritional researcher who specializes in preventing and reversing disease through nutritional and natural methods. He is an internationally recognized expert on nutrition and natural healing, and has appeared on hundreds of radio and television shows including The Dr. Oz Show, the Today Show, Good Morning America, and Live with Kelly. Fuhrman’s own hugely successful PBS television shows, 3 Steps to Incredible Health! and Fuhrman’s Immunity Solution! bring nutritional science to homes all across America.
        http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/I-Love-Nutrition-Science-Dr-Joe

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Dietary Guidelines for Americans Notes (Key)
    • Dietary Guidelines for Americans Notes
    • How Much Do I Need?

    Handouts:

    • ChooseMyPlate Poster
    • Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010
    • How Many Grain Foods are Needed Daily?
    • How Many Vegetables are Needed Daily or Weekly?
    • How Much Food from the Dairy Group is Needed Daily?
    • How Much Food from the Protein Foods Group is Needed Daily?
    • How Much Fruit is Needed Daily?
    • How Much is My Allowance for Oils?
    • MyPlate Notes
    • Rubric for Group Project – Nutrition Survey
    • Use SuperTracker Your Way

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • I can increase the fiber in my diet by………………
    • I can use the information I learned about Dietary Guidelines to improve……………
    • I can use the information I learned about MyPlate to make improvements in my diet by …………..

    Writing Strategy:

    • Quickwrite (short writing exercises that can be used at the beginning, during, or at the end of a lesson using prompts)
      • Topic: Dietary Guidelines for Americans
      • To Begin Instruction: What can you tell me the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
      • During Instruction about mid-way through the lesson: What do you think about the new information in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
      • After Instruction: What was the most important suggestion you learned today? What do you plan to incorporate into your lifestyle?
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Name three benefits of choosing foods that limit saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars and salt in a diet.
    • List ways to increase levels of physical activity to ensure the 60 minutes recommendations.
    • Name some positive changes that can be made to consume a variety of foods from the different food groups each day.
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students may create a display of heatlhy foods to present to students during the lunch hour to promote making healthy choices.

    TED Talk:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    • I Love Nutrition Science: Dr. Joel Fuhrman at TEDxCharlottesville 2013
      Joel Fuhrman, M.D., is a board-certified family physician, NYew York Times best-selling author and nutritional researcher who specializes in preventing and reversing disease through nutritional and natural methods. He is an internationally recognized expert on nutrition and natural healing, and has appeared on hundreds of radio and television shows including The Dr. Oz Show, the Today Show, Good Morning America, and Live with Kelly. Fuhrman’s own hugely successful PBS television shows, 3 Steps to Incredible Health! and Fuhrman’s Immunity Solution! bring nutritional science to homes all across America.
      http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/I-Love-Nutrition-Science-Dr-Joe
  • Family/Community Connection

    Encourage family members to log their food and physical activity in the SuperTracker website. They will learn the health benefits of eating the right foods with portion control and keeping active.

  • CTSO connection

    Family Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://texasfccla.org

    • STAR Events:
      • Applied Technology: An individual or team event: Recognizes participants who develop a project using technology that addresses a concern related to Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations. The project integrates and applies content from academic subjects.
      • Chapter Service Project (Display and Manual): A team event – recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools and communities. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need.
      • Nutrition and Wellness: An individual event that recognizes participants who track food intake and physical activity for themselves, their family, or a community group and determine goals and strategies for improving their overall health.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson. For additional information on service learning see:

    http://www.servicelearning.org

    Possible idea:
    Visit with the local elementary schools after-school program and plan a lesson with ChooseMyPlate for Kids. Various activities and games can be played as well as promote physical activity.

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