Let’s Work It Out – Applying Conflict Resolution Skills

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Hospitality and Tourism

    Course : Hotel Management

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (3) The student solves problems using critical thinking, innovation and creativity independently and in teams. The student is expected to:
      • (A) generate creative ideas to solve problems by brainstorming possible solutions
      • (B) employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts with individuals such as coworkers, employers, customers and clients
    • (9) The student uses leadership and teamwork skills in collaborating with others to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.
      • (A) apply team-building skills
      • (B) apply decision-making and problem-solving skills
      • (C) apply leadership and teamwork qualities in creating a pleasant working atmosphere
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify leadership and teamwork skills
    • recognize a pleasant working environment
    • create a teambuilding project
    • review steps to solving conflicts in the workplace
    • analyze methods used to resolve conflicts
    • brainstorm solutions to workplace conflicts
  • Rationale

    Understanding how to resolve conflicts in the workplace will make the work environment a pleasant and enjoyable one to work in. The hotel industry needs excellent leaders and team players to serve their customers. Are you a leader and team player? Let’s find out.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Communication: The process of sending and receiving messages from others

    Conflict: A disagreement, dispute or fight between people with opposing points of view

    Conflict resolution: The process of settling a conflict by cooperating and problem solving

    Empathy: The skill of thinking about what it would be like in another’s place

    Leadership: The ability to motivate others to cooperate in doing a common task

    Negotiation: A process during which two or more people talk and listen together for the purpose of resolving a disagreement or a conflict

    Teamwork: Learning to effectively communicate, resolve conflicts and develop negotiation skills

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • light projector (Elmo)

    Materials:

    • cardstock
    • magazine pictures of people who are in a conflict

    Supplies:

    • for teambuilding activity:
      • marshmallows
      • masking tape
      • paper lunch bags
      • spaghetti
      • string
    • hotel toiletries (small bar soaps, shampoos and lotions)
    • room keys
    • suitcases
    • towels

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Become familiar with the TED Talks:

    • Tom Wujec: Build a tower, build a team
      Tom Wujec from Autodesk presents some surprisingly deep research into the “marshmallow problem” — a simple team-building exercise that involves dry spaghetti, one yard of tape and a marshmallow. Who can build the tallest tower with these ingredients? And why does a surprising group always beat the average?
      http://www.ted.com/talks/tom_wujec_build_a_tower

    Visit the website:

    • The Marshmallow Challenge
      A remarkably fun and instructive design exercise that encourages teams to experience simple but profound lessons in collaboration, innovation and creativity.
      http://marshmallowchallenge.com/Welcome.html

    Assemble the kit for each team.

    This will be used in the Guided Practice section.

    Display magazine or computer images of people who are in a conflict with another person as well as suitcases, towels and hotel toiletries.

    As students enter the classroom, allow them to observe the images of people who are in a conflict with other people.

    Ask students the following questions:

    • Are you a leader? How do you know you are a leader?
    • Are you a team player? How do you know you are a team player?
    • Have you ever had a disagreement with another person?
    • How did you resolve that disagreement?
    • Were you able to compromise and settle the disagreement?

    Emphasize the fact that we do not get to choose who we work with when we find employment and that it is important to work with other people.

    Lead a discussion about workplace conflicts and how it affects the hotel business.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute graphic organizer Let’s Work It Out – Applying Conflict Resolution Skills Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may take notes during slide presentation.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Let’s Work It Out – Applying Conflict Resolution Skills (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and lead a discussion on the importance of working together in the hotel industry.

    View YouTube™ video:

    • The Hyatt Employment Experience – Hotel Jobs and Careers
      Video of Hyatt employees speaking about their work experience
      http://youtu.be/nMGF7MnoZBs

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • allow extra time for assignment

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Divide class into subgroups of four.

    Follow the instructions in the marshmallow challenge instructions page.
    http://marshmallowchallenge.com/Instructions.html

    Distribute the kit to each team and challenge your students to work together to build the tallest freestanding structure.

    Allow students to work in teams to accomplish the task.

    Note: Other teambuilding activities may be used. Search Pinterest™ and YouTube™ for ideas.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encourage participation
    • peer tutor

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute graphic organizer Methods Used to Resolve Conflicts (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Display the Methods Used to Resolve Conflicts (Key) (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on a light projector and allow students to complete their copy while you emphasize the positives and negatives of conflict resolution.

    Continue with the same groups from the Guided Practice activity.

    Distribute graphic organizer Steps to Resolve Conflict (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and discuss with your students the importance of solving conflicts in the workplace.

    Place the Conflicts in the Workplace – Scenarios (see All Lesson Attachments tab) in a basket. Some cards have been left blank so that other scenarios may be added.

    Divide the class into subgroups of four and allow one person from each group to pick a card from the basket.

    Students should brainstorm possible solutions to the scenarios and document the ideas on the handout.

    Distribute Rubric for Teamwork and Conflict Resolution Activities (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students understand what is expected.

    Solutions to the conflicts will be presented in the Lesson Closure section.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • work with a peer tutor
    • extended time

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Each group can discuss the scenarios that they chose and how they solved the problem by following the steps to conflict resolution.

    Guide the students with the correct procedures so that they may understand the process.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encourage participation
    • praise participation

  • References/Resources

    Textbooks:

    • Hospitality and restaurant management. (2013). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
    • Reynolds, J. S. (2010). Hospitality services: food & lodging. Tinley Park, IL: Goodheart-Willcox Company.

    TED Talks:

    • Tom Wujec: Build a tower, build a team
      Tom Wujec from Autodesk presents some surprisingly deep research into the “marshmallow problem” — a simple team-building exercise that involves dry spaghetti, one yard of tape and a marshmallow. Who can build the tallest tower with these ingredients? And why does a surprising group always beat the average?
      http://www.ted.com/talks/tom_wujec_build_a_tower

    Websites:

    • The Marshmallow Challenge
      A remarkably fun and instructive design exercise that encourages teams to experience simple but profound lessons in collaboration, innovation and creativity.
      http://marshmallowchallenge.com/Welcome.html

    YouTube™:

    • The Hyatt Employment Experience – Hotel Jobs and Careers
      Video of Hyatt employees speaking about their work experience
      http://youtu.be/nMGF7MnoZBs
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Allow students to read the follow articles:

    • How to Resolve Conflict Between Co-Workers
      Whether or not you are new to supervising, a heated verbal exchange outside your office between two people in your unit or the slow development of a rift between two workers is a challenging problem you have to deal with. Follow a few guidelines to resolve conflict between co-workers.
      http://www.ehow.com/how_2141112_resolve-conflict-between-coworkers.html

    Reading Strategy:

    • Encourage students to connect reading to their life experiences or prior knowledge.

  • Quotes

    Peace is not absence of conflict, it is the ability to handle conflict by peaceful means.
    -Ronald Reagan

    I am a woman in process. I’m just trying like everybody else. I try to take every conflict, every experience, and learn from it. Life is never dull.
    -Oprah Winfrey

    If you want to bring an end to long-standing conflict, you have to be prepared to compromise.
    -Aung San Suu Kyi

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Let’s Work It Out – Applying Conflict Resolution Skills
    • Presentation Notes – Let’s Work It Out – Applying Conflict Resolution Skills

    Technology:

    TED Talks:

    • Tom Wujec: Build a tower, build a team
      Tom Wujec from Autodesk presents some surprisingly deep research into the “marshmallow problem” — a simple team-building exercise that involves dry spaghetti, one yard of tape and a marshmallow. Who can build the tallest tower with these ingredients? And why does a surprising group always beat the average?
      http://www.ted.com/talks/tom_wujec_build_a_tower

    Files for Downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Let’s Work It Out Notes
    • Let’s Work It Out Notes (Key)
    • Methods Used to Resolve Conflicts
    • Methods Used to Resolve Conflicts (Key)
    • Steps to Resolve Conflicts

    Handouts:

    • Conflicts in the Workplace – Scenarios
    • Rubric for Teamwork and Conflict Resolution Activities

    Files for Downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • A pleasant working environment to me would be ….
    • Being part of a team is ….
    • Resolving conflicts with co-workers is important because …

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT
      • Role: hotel management student
      • Audience: hotel manager
      • Format: informal letter
      • Topic: requesting information on how management in hotels resolve conflicts in the workplace
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Three leadership skills that I have are . . . .
    • Three teamwork skills that I have are . . . .
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Guest speaker:

    Invite the manager of a local hotel to speak to the class about how conflicts are resolved with employees and customers at his/her business. Ask the manager how he/she recognizes leaders in the workplace and how important working as a team member is in the industry.

  • Family/Community Connection

    The same conflict resolutions skills may be used to resolve conflicts in the family. Encourage students to use the steps in conflict resolution if needed.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America

    http://www.fcclainc.org

    • Leadership – An individual event – recognizes participants who actively evaluate and grow in their leadership potential. Participants use the Student Leadership Challenge and supporting materials to investigate their leadership ability and develop a mentorship relationship to further their leadership development.

    SkillsUSA:

    http://www.skillsusa.org/

    • Customer Service – Evaluates students’ proficiency in providing customer service. The contest involves live, role-playing situations. Contestants demonstrate their ability to perform customer service in both written and oral forms including telephone and computer skills, communications, problem solving, conflict resolution and business etiquette.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson.
    Visit the following website for more ideas:
    www.ysa.org

    Example:
    Create a multimedia presentation on conflict resolution that students can share with a middle school in their district.