The Job Interview

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Career Development

    Course : Career Portals: Middle School

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (7) The student explores job-seeking skills. The student is expected to:
      • (B) describe appropriate appearance for an interview
      • (C) participate in a mock interview
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • practice good job interview skills
    • explain the purpose of an interview
    • recognize the do’s and don’ts of good interview skills
    • determine the use of their personal résumé
    • participate in a mock interview
  • Rationale

    Script:

    How does an employer determine who will actually get hired? What does the process entail? In this lesson you will prepare for and actually participate in a “mock” job interview!

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

    Prior preparation time will be required for requesting and scheduling community members for mock interviews.

  • Word Wall

    Application: A form used to apply for a job

    Body Language: The gestures, posture and eye contact people use to express themselves

    Career: A profession for which one trains; a job or series of jobs that you do during your working life

    Credentials: Someone’s education, experience, etc. that prove he or she has the ability to do a job

    Experience: Knowledge or skill that one gets from doing a specific task

    Hire: To employ someone to work for you

    Interview: A formal meeting between a job seeker and an employer about a possible job

    Occupation: A person’s job

    Pre-employment test: Test given to an applicant by an employer to find out if the applicant gets the position

    Qualification: An ability, characteristic or experience that makes you suitable for a particular job or activity

    Reference: A person who knows you and is willing to describe and usually praise you to support you when you are trying to get a job; a statement as to a person’s character or ability

    Résumé: A written list and description of your education and previous jobs

    Skill: The ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practiced it

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for multimedia presentation
    • presenter/remote
    • computers/laptops with printer capability
    • reserve computer lab, if needed

    Materials:

    • 101 Interview Questions (see All Lesson Attachments tab) that have been cut apart
    • completed job applications
    • props to display examples of what to wear and what not to wear to an interview (examples may include: wrinkled clothes, gum, cell phone, big clunky jewelry, dark lipstick, watch, baseball cap or hat, tennis shoes, t-shirt with logo or inappropriate wording)
    • samples of student résumés
    • Want ad section of local newpaper

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    On a table in the center of the room, arrange various props or picture cards of what to wear for a job interview (cut from magazines or printed from the Internet and placed on index cards). Also include samples of their résumés, completed job applications and the 101 Interview Questions (see All Lesson Attachments tab) that have been cut apart.

    As class begins, allow students to observe and handle the displayed items.

    Ask the following questions:

    • What do all of these items have in common?
    • Randomly hold up items and allow for short discussions regarding their use/purpose.
    • Collectively, what purpose do these items serve?

    Write the words JOB INTERVIEW on the board. Have student brainstorm its definition and information they feel is needed to have a successful interview experience.

    Distribute graphic organizer, KWL – Job Interview Skills (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Instruct students to fill out the first two columns of the chart. Ask students to write down what they already know about interviewing and what they want to know about the interview process. The last column will be completed during lesson closure.
    —-

    If time permits, allow students to personalize their Job Interview Word Cloud (see all Lessons Attachments tab) and place in their class folder/binder as a cover sheet for any other documents related to this lesson.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Prior to this lesson, students should have completed various job applications during the Job Application lesson, written a personal résumé and collected letters of recommendation during the Resume Writing for Teens lesson, and participated in the Dress for Success lesson.

    In addition, a few weeks prior to lesson, invite, schedule and provide instructions for individuals such as teachers, administrators and community members that will be participating in the mock interviews with your students. Review and personalize documents located in zip file titled Mock Interview Documents (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Ask community members within the Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services clusters and teachers, administrators, staff members or parents to volunteer to serve as interviewers. Inform volunteers that each interviewer will conduct approximately three to four 10 minute interviews.

    —-

    Review lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ The Job Interview (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will be expected to take notes while viewing the slide presentation. Focus and discuss the contents of each slide. Allow for student discussion.

    Individual Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • providing assistance with note-taking
    • providing extra time for oral response
    • frequent feedback

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Provide each student with Preparation for Partner Interview (see All Lesson Attachments tab) which includes questions employers typically ask. After allowing students to review the questions, have them brainstorm how they would answer the interview questions.

    Students can also be asked questions from the 101 Interview Questions (see All lesson Attachments tab). After reviewing the questions, have students brainstorm how they would answer the interview questions.

    Role Play Activity
    Ask a student to play the role of the employer and you (the instructor) play the applicant. In front of the class, demonstrate how to give a firm handshake. Have them practice with each other.

    Interview Take ONE
    Using script on handout Sample Script for Partner Interview (see All Lessons Attachment tab) model inappropriate responses such as complaining about the directions to the interview, talking about how your day is going and other things not related to the interview. You may even choose to wear something “inappropriate” and chew gum throughout the interview.

    This will allow students to see, first hand, what an “ineffective” interview looks like to an employer.

    Interview TAKE TWO
    On the second interview, model appropriate interview skills. Make good eye contact, have good posture, display an positive attitude and answer/ask appropriate questions.

    As a class, discuss the interviews. Stress the importance of making a good first impression.

    Pair students and allow teams to role-play an employer and applicant. Allow them to use Preparation for Partner Interview (see All Lesson Attachments tab), Sample Script for Partner Interview (see All Lessons Attachment tab), and Checklist for Partner Interview (see All Lessons Attachment tab),in preparation for this task.

    Have students switch roles after 5 minutes.

    Instruct students to write a paragraph or journal entry about the experience and what they have learned that will help them in a future job interview.

    Prepare students for upcoming “mock interview.” Review expected, appropriate classroom behavior and use of good manners. Share Mock Interview Rubric (see All Lesson Attachments tab) with students and explain each component so they understand how their interview will be assessed.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • providing extra time for oral response
    • frequent feedback
    • providing peer tutoring
    • reducing length of assignment

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Teacher Note:
    Not all students will have access to proper interview attire. You may want to begin early in the school year collecting a closet full of “interview attire” for both the young ladies and young men in your classroom, by requesting interview clothing donations from faculty and staff. Student can then all have the option of “borrowing” from the classroom closet. Make sure to set guidelines for borrowing and returning items.

    —-
    Encourage students to come to school dressed appropriately. Inform parents about the activity in advance so they may make arrangements if necessary for their student’s clothing attire.

    Arrange classroom to accommodate for mock interviews.

    Introduce volunteers to class. Show volunteers to their interview platforms and allow mock interviews to begin.
    Students will be expected to submit a copy of their resume/career portfolio to the interviewer.

    Monitor an assist as needed.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • providing extra time for oral response
    • frequent feedback
    • providing peer tutoring
    • reducing length of assignment
    • assisting student in gathering information
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Instruct students to complete the L column of the graphic organizer, KWL Chart – Job Interview Skills (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to analyze what they have learned about the topic.

    Have students write thank you letters to the mock interview” volunteers.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students’ mock interviews will be assessed with appropriate rubric by volunteer interviewers. As a class, discuss the mock interview results.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • grading according to work done
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • References/Resources

    Websites:

    • My First Résumé
      Here’s an easy way to put together a résumé. Simply follow the directions and watch how your skills and interests can turn into a valuable résumé.
      https://www.careerkids.com/resumeSSL.php
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Promote the use of the pre-reading strategy prediction.

    Print, distribute and discuss The Washington Posts article: Even for summer jobs, teens should craft a resume from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/05/29/AR2010052901229.html.

  • Quotes

    Success in life, in anything, depends upon the number of persons that one can make himself agreeable to.
    -Thomas Carlyle

    Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude.
    -Thomas Jefferson

    Find a job you like and you add five days to every week.
    -H. Jackson Brown, Jr.

    I can’t imagine anything more worthwhile than doing what I most love. And they pay me for it.
    -Edgar Winter

    Nothing will work unless you do.
    -Maya Angelou

    Success in life is a matter not so much of talent or opportunity as of concentration and perseverance.
    -C.W. Wendte

    Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.
    -Confucius

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • The Job Interview

    Websites:

    • My First Résumé
      Here’s an easy way to put together a résumé. Simply follow the directions and watch how your skills and interests can turn into a valuable résumé.
      https://www.careerkids.com/resumeSSL.php

    Technology:

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizer:

    • KWL – Job Interview Skills
    • Word Cloud – Job Interview

    Handouts:

    • zip file Mock Interview Documents
      • Sample Request for Mock Interview Volunteers
      • Sample Interview Questions for Mock Interview
      • Sample Schedule for Mock Interviews
      • Mock Interview Rubric
    • zip file Guest Speaker Documents
      • Sample Letter Requesting Career Guest Speaker
      • Suggested Outline for Guest Speakers
      • Guest Speaker Thank You Letter Assignment
    • 101 Interview Questions
    • 90 Second Speech Planner
    • Checklist for Partner Interview
    • Mock Interview Rubric
    • Preparation for Partner Interview
    • Sample Script for Partner Interview
    • Word Cloud Job Interviewing Skills

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal entries:

    • What questions would you ask an employer at a job interview?
    • What questions should you be prepared to answer at a job interview?
    • What are the questions you should prepare for in an interview?
    • What are some things that should be done after the interview?
    • What do you need to know about finding the job that is right for you?
    • Why is it a good idea to include a résumé with a job application?
    • What are some of your accomplishments that would be good to list on a résumé?
    • If I could pick the perfect job for myself right now it would be ________________ because _______________.
    • After I graduate from high school, I can really see myself doing ________________________.
    • It is always good to have a back up plan because ___________________________.

    Writing Strategies:

    • RAFT Writing Strategy
      • Role: Employer
      • Audience: Potential employee
      • Format: Informative
      • Topic: Preparing for an interview
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Why is it important to create a good first impression?
    • Why is body language important?
    • Why is it important for teenagers to have a résumé?
    • What are some common jobs for students at your school?
    • Why is it important to fill out a job application correctly?
    • What message does it send to the employer when you do not answer all of the questions on an application?
    • Use 90 Second Speech Planner (see All Lessons Attachments tab)
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    • Students can create a video modeled after the show “What Not to Wear” to display correct and incorrect interview attire.
    • Collect neckties from faculty and staff and show students the correct way to tie a necktie. Faculty and staff can be requested to assist with this activity during their conference periods.
  • Family/Community Connection

    • Invite “career” guest speakers to the classroom. Review and personalize documents located in zip file titled Guest Speaker Documents (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    • Sample Letter Requesting Guest Speaker
    • Suggested Outline for Guest Speaker
    • Thank You Letter for Guest Speaker Assignment
    • Invite a human resource manager from a local business or other company that hires a number of employees to discuss job interview skills and employer expectations.
  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://www.texasfccla.org

    STAR Events:

    • Job Interview is an individual event that recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations skills to develop a portfolio, participate in an interview, and communicate professionally. The participant creates a job application, resume, cover letter, and letters of reference.

    SkillsUSA

    http://skillsusa.org

    Skills USA Events:

    • Interview is an individual event that recognizes students who create a cover letter and resume, and participate in an interview.

    Texas Association of Future Educators

    http://tafeonline.org

    TAFE Events:

    • Job Interview is an individual event that recognizes participants who apply for a teaching related job that is posted on the TAFE website. The participant creates a job application, résumé, cover letter, and letters of reference and then participates in an interview with an interview committee.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see
    http://www.nylc.org/

    Possible idea:

    Have students host an interview-how-to info night. Students could present information to potential job seekers about how to successfully prepare for a job interview. Students could also pair up with a local high school’s FCCLA, SkillsUSA or TAFE chapter to offer information about careers in the Education and Tourism, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services.