Investigating Food Science Professions

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Hospitality and Tourism

    Course : Food Science

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (27) The student understands the importance of developing lifelong skills. The student is expected to:
      • (A) demonstrate the use of oral and written communication skills such as writing technical reports, letters and memos; communicating technical information to a nontechnical audience and making formal and informal presentations
      • (C) apply critical-thinking skills to new situations
      • (F) explain the skills necessary for lifelong learning
      • (J) research scientific and nonscientific information
      • (K) competently use library resources
      • (L) manage time effectively
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • investigate professions in food science to include:
      • duties
      • education
      • job outlook
      • salary
    • create a multimedia presentation on a selected profession
    • explore schools/colleges/universities that offer the degree for the food science profession
    • evaluate personal job skills, aptitude, and interests with a state recognized assessment program
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Do you know what food scientists do? Think of all the great new food products that have come into the market over the last few years. We have food scientists to thank for the development of these new products. Scientists are also involved in developing new sugar substitutes, genetically modifying foods, working with patients to make healthy food choices, keeping our food safe, developing new products and much more. Have you ever considered a career in the food industry?

  • Duration of Lesson

    Six 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Dietetics: Applying nutritional principles to meal planning and preparation

    Food Distribution: Involves hauling and storing foods

    Food Manufacturing: Raw foods are processed, refined and altered to make different new products

    Food Production: Refers to the growth of basic food

    Foodservice: Involves preparing meals and serving them to customers

    Quality Control: Ensures that food products are safe and meet federal regulations

    Profession: A paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification

    Note: Many other terms on the slide presentation can be identified. Encourage students to include the term and definition in the assignment.

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for multimedia presentation
    • computers with Internet access (be sure to follow district guidelines)

    Materials:

    • cardstock
    • college brochures
    • food scientist job postings

    Supplies:

    • beakers
    • lab coat
    • microscope
    • petri dishes
    • safety goggles
    • scale
    • slides
    • test tubes

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Note to teacher – Become familiar with:

    • The Texas Work Prep Learning Management System (LMS) designed and hosted by the Texas Workforce Commission. The Job Hunter’s Guide Course – This course will allow the student to gain knowledge and skills to attain employment. The course is approximately an hour and a half long. Students will receive a certificate upon completion of this course. Certificate can be printed and added to their professional portfolio.
      https://www.texasworkprep.com/texasworkprep.htm

    Print and separate the Food Science Careers (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on card stock ready for use in the Independent Practice tab.

    On a table in the center of the classroom, arrange pamphlets from training programs and colleges that teach food science. Literature on companies that employ food scientists would also be appropriate.

    Allow students to browse through the brochures and ask them the following questions:

    • Are you interested in science as a career? In food science?
    • What kinds of jobs are available in the food science industry?
    • Where would a food scientist work?
    • What training or education is needed for these jobs?

    Lead a discussion about the skills needed to be a food scientist.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute Note-Taking – Investigating Food Science Professions (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may take notes during slide presentation.

    Introduce PowerPoint™, Investigating Food Science Professions (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and lead a discussion about careers in food science.

    View video:

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • providing assistance with note-taking

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce the Texas Work Prep Learning Management System.
    Direct students to the Texas Job Hunter’s Guide Course.
    https://www.texasworkprep.com/texasworkprep.htm

    Inform students that this is an interactive free assessment that will allow them to identify their job values, interests, aptitudes and skills assessments as well as assist them in preparing a résumé and teaching them interview skill tips.

    Students must complete all six sections and successfully pass a short quiz to receive their printable certificate.

    Stress the importance of having this type of documentation in their professional portfolio.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • providing peer tutoring
    • reducing length of assignment

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Place Food Science Professions cards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) in a basket and ask students to select a card with a career they will research and present to the class.

    Distribute handout Food Science Professions Research (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and instruct students about thoroughly research a career. Remind them to use reliable sources such as government and educational websites for their information.

    Students will research the selected career and gather information needed for their multimedia presentation.

    Distribute the Rubric for Food Science Professions Research (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so students understand what is expected.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assisting student in gathering information
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • Lesson Closure

    View the videos of food scientists as they explain what they do in their jobs so that students better understand the profession.

    Lead a discussion about each of the food scientists and ask students if they can see themselves in this profession.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present their multimedia presentations.

    Student presentations will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • grading according to work done
    • providing praise and encouragement

  • References/Resources

    Textbook(s):

    • Mehas, K. Y., & Rodgers, S. L. (2002). Food science: The biochemistry of food and nutrition. New York, NY: Glenco/McGraw-Hill.
    • Ward, J. D., & Ward, L. T. (2013). Principles of food science. Tinley Park, IL: Goodheart-Wilcox Company.

    Website:

    Video:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Encourage students to continue reading articles pertaining to this lesson:

    • Careers in Food Science
      It’s Real-life Science in Action!
      So you want to be a scientist? Learn all about what it takes to make it happen by checking out these exciting interviews! Professionals working in a variety of food safety careers tell all about their jobs, exciting discoveries, and reveal their secrets for success!
      Get Inspired!
      Sixteen full-length interviews from people in a variety of food science careers are presented. These will give you a taste of what a career in food safety is like.
      http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodScienceResearch/ToolsMaterials/ucm215926.htm

    Reading Strategy
    Encourage students to “visualize” as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scrap paper as they read. Providing students with graphic organizers to help them organize their thoughts is also helpful.

  • Quotes

    Each problem that I solved became a rule, which served afterwards to solve other problems.
    -Rene Descartes

    Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination.
    -John Dewey

    Some of us will do our jobs well and some will not, but we will be judged by only one thing-the result.
    -Vince Lombardi

    The kitchen is a laboratory, and everything that happens there has to do with science. It is biology, chemistry, physics. Yes, there is history. Yes, there is artistry. Yes, to all of that. But what happened there, what actually happens to the food is all science.
    -Alton Brown

    Everything in food is science. The only subjective part is when you eat it.
    -Alton Brown

    We are doing everything we can to protect the food supply. And I can tell you that we’re making decisions based upon sound science and good public policy, given the circumstances that we are now in.
    -Ann Veneman

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Investigating Food Science Professions
    • Presentation Notes – Investigating Food Science Professions

    Technology:

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Handouts:

    • Food Science Professions Research
    • Food Science Professions
    • Note-Taking – Investigating Food Science Professions
    • Rubric for Food Science Professions Research

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • Food scientists are important to us, the consumers of food, because…
    • A good educational background is important for a food scientist because…
    • After learning about some careers in food science, I am more interested in…
    • I would be interested in working as a food scientist at ______________ because …
    • The advantages and disadvantages of being a farmer are …
    • Food safety is important to people and the inspector does …

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT (Role/Audience/Format/Topic) writing strategy:
      • Role: soon-to-be college graduate
      • Audience: food company
      • Format: formal letter
      • Topic: apply for a job

    You are about to graduate from college with a food science degree. Write a formal cover letter for your application to a business in the food industry. Choose a specific field of study that you are interested in.

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Three things food scientists continue to research are …
    • Different fields of food science studies to consider are …
    • Besides FDA and USDA, other federal agencies that employ food scientists are …
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    TED Talks

    TED is a nonprofit organization devoted to spreading ideas, usually in the form of short, powerful talks (18 minutes or less).

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

  • Family/Community Connection

    Have students interview members of their community that work in food science careers. Students can locate laboratories and companies in their area that employ food scientists.

  • CTSO connection

    Family Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
    http://texasfccla.org

    STAR Events:

    • Applied Technology – An individual or team event
      Recognizes participants who develop a project using technology that addresses a concern related to Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations. The project integrates and applies content from academic subjects.
    • Chapter Service Project (Display and Manual) – A team event
      Recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools, and communities. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson. For additional information on service learning see:
    http://www.ysa.org

    Possible idea:
    Organize a food science career fair by providing information brochures and distributing flyers of various occupations in the food science industry, including educational requirements, job expectations, range of salaries and typical job locations.

    Also see Family/Community connections.

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