Focus on Serving Children – Our Future

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Family and Community Services

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (3) The student develops and implements community service activities. The student is expected to:
      • (A) identify service projects applicable to a community
      • (B) integrate student interest, abilities, and skills with appropriate community service projects
      • (C) plan, develop, and implement volunteer activities that will benefit individuals, families, or the community
      • (D) generate ideas and gather information relevant to a family and community services project keeping careful records of outside sources
      • (E) demonstrate proficient use of volunteer skills
      • (F) demonstrate safety practices related to community service or volunteer activities
      • (G) demonstrate increasing ability to perform higher-order thinking skills through organizing and performing community service
      • (H) practice techniques to insure completion of a community service project
      • (I) cite evidence of personal development through performing community service activities
      • (J) evaluate the effectiveness of implemented activities
    • (4) The student analyzes factors influencing employability skills. The student is expected to:
      • (C) demonstrate effective verbal, nonverbal, and written communication skills
      • (D) demonstrate positive human relations skills
      • (E) demonstrate appropriate grooming, appearance, and etiquette for volunteer activities
      • (F) exhibit ethical practices as defined for designated volunteer activities
    • (5) The student applies rigorous academic standards in implementing community service activities. The student is expected to:
      • (B) listen actively and effectively in al communication situations
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify needs of local children
    • apply knowlege and skills to conduct a service learning project for local children
    • document service
    • reflect on service and cite how the service as affected them as a student
    • evaluate the effectiveness of the service learning project
    • use effective communication skills to conduct a service learning project
    • relate positively to children
    • create an eBook for kindergarten children
    • conduct themselves in an appropriate and ethical manner when serving children
  • Rationale

    It has been said that children are our world’s most valuable resource. What do you do if you truly value something? You care for it. You nurture it. In the case of children, you do the same. You want children to grow up to be the best they can possibly be. So how do we do that? We do this by giving them the skills they need to succeed.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Four 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Confidentiality: Keeping information of others private

    Effective: Producing desired results

    Empathy: Putting yourself in the place of another to understand their thoughts and feelings

    Future: Time regarded as still to come, something that will exist or happen in a later time

    Literacy: Having the skills required to read and write

    Organize: To put items in a system that makes them easy to retrieve

    Plan: The process for completing a project

    Readiness: Being prepared to complete a task

    Reflection: To look back upon an activity to measure the effectiveness

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for multimedia presentations
    • computer lab for student use (be sure to follow school district guidelines)
    • light projector (Elmo)
    • printer
    • telephone or cell phone (be sure to follow school district guidelines for cell phone use)
    • typewriter (for empathy activity)

    Materials:

    • cardstock
    • chart paper
    • markers
    • printer paper
    • sticky notes
    • tape

    Technology:

    Access to:

    • MIcrosoft Office Templates™ for Word™, PowerPoint™ and Publisher™

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Note to Teacher: Review handout Sample Project Focusing on Children (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to determine if your class is more suited for a service-learning project or a community service project. This can be used as a model throughout the lesson.

    Distribute handout Working with Children (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to find out if your students like working with children.

    After the assessment, ask the the following questions:

    • Are you comfortable working with the children?
    • What scares you about working with the children?
    • Do you have nieces or nephews that you spend time with?
    • What types of things did you enjoy when you were a child?


    Log onto The Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Science Teacher’s website and A Week of Service Learning so that students may work on the Building Empathy exercises (scroll to the bottom labeled Literacy). http://www.ccfcs.org/Attachments/ServiceLearning/2BuildingEmpathy.pdf

    After these activities, discuss how this relates to serving children. Ask the following questions:

    • How did you feel?
    • What challenges do you see for children who lack basic literacy skills?
    • How can we help the children with some of their challenges?
    • Why would a child feel frustrated?
    • Were you frustrated?
    • How did you deal with it?

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Note to Teacher: The following lesson is a sample of how a teacher would carry out a service learning project with students. For true service learning to occur, students would need to share their thoughts and ideas and plan accordingly instead of doing something the teacher instructed them to do. Students should drive the lesson and their student voice should be reflected throughout.

    Remember, this is a sample that you can adjust and use to help guide your students through a project for the children.

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute graphic organizer Focus on Serving Children – Our Future Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may take notes.

    Introduce slide presentation Focus on Serving Children – Our Future (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    View YouTube™ video:

    • Service Learning: Turning Ideas Into Action
      A media loop for the Turning Ideas into Action communications kit. Learn and Serve America created this kit to help you spread the word about service-learning and its impact on learning and transforming communities. You are on the front lines of making the case for service-learning and are one of its greatest advocates.
      http://youtu.be/4JE_zmCUDtg

    Allow time for questions, demonstrations and class discussion.

    Play Which Is It? Game found at The Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Science Teacher’s website and A Week of Service Learning so that students may understand the difference between Service Learning and Community Service.
    http://www.ccfcs.org/Attachments/ServiceLearning/13WhichIsItGame.pdf

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encourage classroom participation
    • extra time for oral response
    • frequent feedback

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Brainstorm some needs of children in the community. Have the students plan and execute a face-to-face survey or a phone survey with someone they know who works with children to determine needs.

    Have the students make contact with the leader of a group or class where they will be able to perform a service learning project.

    Prerequisite:

    After the needs are listed, have the students put a check by three or four needs that they feel they could realistically meet. Students should form a plan to meet those needs.

    Example: The students have determined that children in kindergarten would benefit from having high school reading buddies. Students would read to the kindergartners and listen to the kindergartners read on each visit. The kindergarten teacher(s) have agreed that this would be beneficial.

    Students should complete the L (Look and Listen), E (Examine the Issues) and A (Agree to take action) part of the Planning Guide for Service Learning.
    http://www.ccfcs.org/Attachments/ServiceLearning/6PlanningGuideforServiceLearning.pdf

    Students brainstorm what they, as reading buddies, will do to encourage kindergartners to be excited about literacy skills.

    Ask questions along the way to help students think through the overall plan.
    For example:

    • What can you do to help the kindergarten children improve their literacy skills through reading?
    • What are some things we could make that would improve their literacy?
    • How often will the reading buddies need to visit?

    Students determine that they will need to visit the kindergarten weekly. On each visit, the high school reading buddies will listen to a kindergartner read from the assigned kindergarten reader.

    Students complete the sections D (Develop a Plan) and E (Execute the Plan) of the Planning Guide for Service Learning.

    Students organize their project using the Stick Up Organization (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • participating in a small group/classroom
    • frequent feedback
    • extended time

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will create an eBook (computer book) for their kindergarten buddy using Microsoft Office Templates™ for Word™, PowerPoint or Publisher™.

    Provide students with a list of high frequency words they should use.
    http://fwes.wcpss.net/High_Frequency_word_list.pdf

    Display the handout Guidelines for eBooks (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on a light projector and explain the details to the students. They will create an eBook each month of the school year and present it to a kindergarten student.

    Observe students as they create their eBooks and assist with titles, graphics and story line.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • providing peer tutoring
    • frequent feedback
    • extended time

  • Lesson Closure

    Review terms, definitions and objectives.

    Lead the class in a discussion about ethics when volunteering with the children.

    Divide the class into subgroups of four. Distribute handout STOPLIGHT (See All Lesson Attachments tab) to each group. Students should read statements and decide whether it is a red light, yellow light or green light statement. Discuss responses with class.

    Prepare reading buddy certificates for each kindergartner and present on the last day that the high school reading buddies will visit.

    Students complete the sections R (Review Outcomes) and S (Showcase Results) of the Planning Guide for Service Learning.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present eBook to class and then to a kindergartner each month.

    Students will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Students should complete the Service Learning/Volunteer Log Sheet (see All Lesson Attachment tab) to keep track of their time and add to their portfolio.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • praise participation
    • encourage oral presentation

  • References/Resources

    YouTube™:

    • Service Learning: Turning Ideas Into Action
      A media loop for the Turning Ideas into Action communications kit. Learn and Serve America created this kit to help you spread the word about service-learning and its impact on learning and transforming communities. You are on the front lines of making the case for service-learning and are one of its greatest advocates.
      http://youtu.be/4JE_zmCUDtg

    Websites:

    • National Youth Leadership Council
      Information for students and educators on service-learning practices.
      http://www.nylc.org
    • The Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences
      A Week of Service Learning. A Joint Project of Service Learning Texas, Texas FCCLA, and The Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.
      http://www.ccfcs.org/aweekofservicelearning/
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • make sure students understand the vocabulary (word wall) as you move forward with this lesson. The use of a personal dictionary would be helpful.
    • additional time for preparing computer books
    • word wall
    • journal entries
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Have students read a variety of children’s books and give an oral evaluation about each one.

    Encourage students to connect reading to their life experiences or prior knowledge.

  • Quotes

    A person’s a person, no matter how small.
    -Dr. Seuss

    There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.
    -Nelson Mandela

    Children are likely to live up to what you believe of them.
    -Lady Bird Johnson

    Children are our most valuable resource.
    -Herbert Hoover

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™

    • Focus on Serving Children – Our Future
    • Presentation Notes – Focus on Serving Children – Our Future

    Technology:

    • Files for downloading:
  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Focus on Serving Children – Our Future Notes
    • Working with Children

    Handouts:

    • Guidelines for eBooks
    • Rubric for eBooks
    • Sample Project Focusing on Children
    • Service Learning Log
    • Stick Up Organization
    • STOPLIGHT

    • Files for downloading:
  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • Children are an asset because ___________________________.
    • If I could be any character in a children’s book, I would be _____________________________.
    • If I were a teacher, I would ________________________________.
    • My favorite subject when I was in elementary school was _____________________________.
    • Literacy is important because __________________________________.
    • If I couldn’t read, I would _____________________________________.
    • My favorite children’s book is…..
    • Children make me laugh when ….
    • I can help children by ……
    • Being a good role model to children is important because….

    Writing Strategy:

    After listening to the story of the Three Little Pigs, write a story from the perspective of the wolf.

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    Being literate opens a child’s mind to……..
    When we value children……..

  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Once students have become comfortable creating the eBooks using the Microsoft Office Templates™, they can add other elements such as:

    • connect the dots
    • short word search
    • puzzle pieces

    TEDx Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    • Drew Dudley: Everyday leadership
      We have all changed someone’s life — usually without even realizing it. In this funny talk, Drew Dudley calls on all of us to celebrate leadership as the everyday act of improving each other’s lives.
      http://www.ted.com/talks/drew_dudley_everyday_leadership
  • Family/Community Connection

    Encourage students to create the eBooks for family and friends to encourage reading. Family stories could be created and illustrated for keepsakes.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://www.texasfccla.org

    • STAR Event:
      • Chapter Service Project Display – An individual or team event that recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools, communities and/or family and consumer sciences. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need. Participants must prepare a display and an oral presentation.
      • Chapter Service Project Manual – An individual or team event that recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools, communities and/or family and consumer sciences. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need. Participants must prepare a manual and an oral presentation.
      • Focus on Children – An individual or team event, recognizes participants who use family and consumer sciences skills to plan and conduct a child development project that has a positive impact on children and the community. Child Development encompasses birth through adolescence. Participants must prepare a display and or oral presentation.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to children.

    Ideas for other service learning projects can be found at A Week of Service Learning
    http://www.ccfcs.org/aweekofservicelearning/

    Example:

    • Work with other grade levels to determine needs of children

    REMEMBERTRUE service learning projects are student driven.

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