Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs in the Food Service Industry

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Hospitality and Tourism

    Course : Culinary Arts

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student applies advanced reading, writing, mathematics, and science skills for the food industry. The student is expected to:
      • (A) compose industry appropriate documents
    • (2) The student integrates listening, writing, and speaking skills using verbal and nonverbal communication to enhance operations, guest satisfaction, and professional development. The student is expected to:
      • (A) create formal or informal presentations
    • (6) The student understands the history of food service and the use of the professional kitchen. The student is expected to:
      • (A) research famous chefs from history and note their major accomplishments.
      • (C) summarize historical entrepreneurs who influenced food service in the United States
    • (7) The student uses technology and computer applications to manage food service operations. The student is expected to:
      • (E) evaluate information sources for culinary arts
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    • explore the history of food service and the use of a professional kitchen – Julia Child’s interactive kitchen at the Smithsonian Institute
    • research famous chefs and entrepreneurs in the food service industry and note their accomplishments
    • produce a multimedia presentation noting historical chefs and entrepreneurs major accomplishments
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Our interest in food, pastry, and culinary arts has expanded. Proof of this is the number of new cable/television networks devoted to the topic such as the Food Network, Cooking Channel, History Channel and more. Where did it all begin? We will explore famous chefs and entrepreneurs in the food industry to help us answer that question.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Five 45 minutes class periods

  • Word Wall

    Apprentice: Once who works under the guidance of a skilled worker to learn a particular trade or art

    Business plan: A document that describes a new business and a strategy to launch that business

    Chef: A highly skilled professional who is proficient in all aspects of food preparation

    Cuisine: The French word for “kitchen” but in English means a style of cooking

    Entrepreneur: A self-motivated person who creates and runs a business

    Internship: A program which an advanced student works at a business to get hands-on training

    Professionalism: The positive behaviors and appearance exhibited by an individual who is committed to the culinary arts

    Trends: New practices or conditions that point to the way things will be in the future

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • Computer with projector for multimedia presentation
    • Computer lab with internet

    Materials:

    • index cards
    • markers

    Technology:

    • Access to:
      • Glogster™EDU
      • PowerPoint™
      • Prezi™U

    • copies of handouts (See All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Print the names of various chefs and entrepreneurs on index cards and place around the classroom.

    • Option – print pictures of famous chefs and entrepreneurs and place in clear sheet protectors and place around the classroom.

    When class begins, ask students if they recognize any of the names (pictures) of the people. Ask the following questions:

    • Where have you seen them?
    • What do you know about them?
    • Why are they famous?

    Have class discuss the various chefs and entrepreneurs.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Introduce Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs in the Food Service Industry PowerPointâ„¢ (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Discuss the importance of Marie-Antoine Careme and Geoges August Escoffier as the first chefs to create grand cuisine.
    Julia Child was the first female chef on television and taught many women the art of French Cooking. View the short PBS video: http://video.pbs.org/video/1094182701

    Entrepreneurs Steve Ells, Dave Thomas, and Colonel Sanders helped the industry with their sense of business. View the short biography videos of Dave Thomas and Colonel Sanders.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • check for understanding
    • repeated review

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Allow students to explore the interactive kitchen of Julia Child at the Smithsonian.
    http://americanhistory.si.edu/juliachild/flash_home.asp?dest=home.

    Distribute the graphic organizer” Julia Child’s Kitchen at the Smithsonian Storyline (see All Attachments tab).
    Allow students to follow the timeline of Julia Child’s life as they fill in the blanks. Encourage them to read all of the stories that Julia has included to find out more about her.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • peer tutoring
    • technology assistance
    • shortened assignment

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute the research assignment Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs Research (see All Attachments tab). Students may choose a chef or entrepreneur from any of the websites listed.
    Discuss the criteria for the chosen chef or entrepreneur. Not all of the needed information will be found for each person but students are to gather as much as possible.
    Distribute the Rubric for Electronic Display – Glogster™EDU, Rubric for Multimedia Presentation – Prezi™, Rubric for PowerPoint™ Presentation and the Rubric for Written Report. Students may choose how to present their information using one of the four tools.
    Review the procedures to access the multimedia tools if students are not familiar with the websites.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • peer tutoring
    • technology assistance
    • shortened assignment

  • Lesson Closure

    Review objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Follow-up Questions at the end of each class period to include answer and discussion’

    • What made Julia Child so special in the kitchen?
    • Why is the Brigade system so important in the kitchen?
    • What is your favorite restaurant and how did it get started?
    • Why is the Food Network so popular?
    • What is your favorite food show and why?

    If time permits, view snippets of Julia Child’s PBS videos and compare them to shows on TV today.
    http://video.pbs.org/program/julia-child/

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be assessed with rubric for each presentation.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • oral assistance with presentation
    • peer assistance

  • References/Resources

    Textbooks:

    • Glencoe. (2010). Culinary essentials. Woodland Hills, California: McMgraw Hill.
    • (2011). Foundations of restaurant management & culinary arts. (1 ed., Vol. 1). Boston: Prentice Hall.
    • Draz, J., & Koetke, C. (2010). The culinary professional. Tinley Park, Illinois: The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc

    Websites:

    • Biography
      As a nation that loves to eat, we hold food, and the people who prepare it, close to our hearts. Though Julia Child was the original celebrity chef and cookbook personality, the boom in reality TV has led to a renewed interest in all the people who turn food into art. From cooking show competitors to chefs to the stars, we love to watch these talented individuals whip up all kinds of delicious dishes.
      http://www.biography.com/people/groups/chefs
    • Food Network
      The Food Network is committed to exploring new and different ways to approach food – through pop culture, competition, adventure, and travel – while also expanding its repertoire of technique-based information.
      http://www.foodnetwork.com
    • Julia Child’s Kitchen at the Smithsonian
      Julia Child shared the passions, philosophies, and products o fhtis kitchen in her home with family, friends, colleagues, and fans for 45 years. Now she is sharing the kitchen itself with millions, having donated it to the National Museum of American History in 2001.
      http://americanhistory.si.edu/juliachild/
    • PBS
      Julia Child revolutionized American cuisine through her French cooking school, award-winning cookbooks, and world-renowned television programs by presenting an approachable version of sophisticated French cooking to her eager audience for four decades.
      http://video.pbs.org/program/julia-child/
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • word wall
    • provide visuals
    • allow extra processing time
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Students may read books by Julia Child and compare some of the french recipes to today’s recipes.

    Books by Julia Child

    • Mastering the Art of French Cooking (with Simone Beck and Louisette Bertholle). New York: Knopf, 1961; The 40th Anniversary Edition of Mastering. Knopf, 2001

    • The French Chef Cookbook. New York: Knopf, 1968; The 30th Anniversary Edition of the French Chef. New York: Ballentine Books, 1998.
  • Quotes

    I was 32 when I started cooking; up until then, I just ate.
    - Julia Child

    The only time to eat diet food is while you’re waiting for the steak to cook.
    - Julia Child

    Food is our common ground, a universal experience.
    - James Beard

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs in the Food Service Industry
    • Presentation Notes – Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs in the Food Service Industry

    Technology:

    • Glogster™EDU
    • PowerPoint™
    • Prezi™U

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizer:

    • Julia Child’s Kitchen at the Smithsonian Storyline
    • Julia Child’s Kitchen at the Smithsonian Storyline (Key)

    Handouts:

    • Famous Chefs and Entrepreneurs Research
    • Rubric for Electronic Display – Glogster™EDU Poster
    • Rubric for Multimedia Presentation – Prezi™
    • Rubric for PowerPoint™ Presentation
    • Rubric for Written Report

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • My business plan would be to ……
    • My culinary show on T.V would be about …….
    • I would like to apprentice with ………
    • Current trends in the food industry are……

    Writing Strategies:

    RAFT – Writing strategy
    Role – high school student
    Audience – owner of restaurant, grill, or bakery
    Format – letter
    Topic -seeking employment after taking culinary courses in high school

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • One of Julia Child’s most famous cooking shows was about ……..
    • My description of a business I would like to own would be ……
    • Auguste Escoffier restructured the kitchen and introduced the brigade system. The job titles and their duties are ……..
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students can explore the steps to a business plan using the Small Business Administration website:
    http://www.sba.gov and report the information to the class.

  • Family/Community Connection

    Invite the owner of a local restaurant to speak to the class about his/her business. Discuss the pros and cons of owning your own business.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://www.texasfccla.org

    • Entrepreneurship – An individual or team event – recognizes participants who develop a plan for a small business using Family and Consumer Sciences skills and sound business practices. The business must relate to an area of Family and Consumer Sciences education or related occupations.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see http://www.servicelearningtexas.org

    Example:
    Volunteer with the local Small Business Administration to assist entrepreneurs with the technology software to start a business plan.