Family Crisis Management

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Principles of Human Services

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student demonstrates personal characteristics for success in high-skill, high-wage, or high-demand careers. The student is expected to:
      • (G) determine personal and occupational implications of substance abuse
      • (K) demonstrate effective communication skills
    • (3) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in counseling and mental health services. The student is expected to:
      • (A) determine types of crises
      • (B) determine appropriate responses, management strategies, and technology available to meet individual and family needs
      • (C) determine effects of crisis on individuals and families
      • (D) determine crises typical of various stages of the life cycle
      • (E) identify the contributing factors and describe the impact of stress on individuals and relationships
      • (F) investigate causes, prevention, and treatment of domestic and relationship violence
      • (G) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in counseling and mental health services
      • (H) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify, describe and evaluate strategies to respond to different types of family crises
    • differentiate between the types of family crises and ways to meet the needs of families
    • explain the effects of a crisis on individuals and families
    • develop a list of related family crisis resources available in the community
    • present their written report of family crisis scenarios information
    • identify careers related to Counseling and Mental Health
  • Rationale

    Script:

    In this lesson, students will identify, describe and evaluate strategies to respond to different types of family crises and demonstrate the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in counseling and mental health services.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Five 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Adaptation: To modify oneself to conform to a situation or environment

    Addiction: Dependence on a particular substance or action

    Child Abuse: Abusive treatment of children takes several forms such as neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse and sexual abuse

    Crisis: A dangerous or critical moment of development

    Intervention: Interference with the acts of others. The act of coming between

    Shelter: A safe place for those who experience physical violence or sexual abuse

    Violence: Physical force used to harm someone or something

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (be sure to follow district guidelines)

    Materials:

    • brochures from the counselor’s office pertaining to family crises
    • cardstock (See Anticipatory Set)
    • copies of Family Crisis Scenarios (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
    • phone books
    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Display cardstock paper with resources or agencies printed on them which can assist with family crises. Example of resources or agencies:

    • Churches
    • Family support groups
    • Federal agencies
    • Hospitals
    • Hotlines
    • Local agencies
    • Professional physicians

    Teacher will lead the students in a discussion to determine the different types of family crises through questions and answers. As students share responses, lead a class discussion on effective strategies to respond to different types of family crises.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Introduce the PowerPoint™, Family Crisis Management (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Distribute graphic organizer Family Crisis Management Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and have students complete it using information from the PowerPoint™

    Discuss how a family crisis can have a correlation with child abuse. Share child abuse facts with the students. Allow for discussion and questions.

    View the short videos included in the slide presentation:
    1. Get the Facts on Child Abuse
    Share child abuse facts with the students.
    http://visual.ly/get-facts-child-abuse

    2. Salma Hayek Pinault in a PSA for the National Domestic Violence Hotline
    http://youtu.be/HT-_BrshWsQ

    3. Makers of Memories
    Has researched these domestic violence statistics to raise awareness and bring attention to the residual effects domestic violence has on children and mothers.
    http://youtu.be/3s2hu9Zon4s

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encouraging participation
    • allowing extra time to answer questions

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute handout Family Crisis Resources (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will complete handout as they research the resources. They may use phone books to research it on the Internet.

    Students will develop a list of related family crisis resources available in the community. Students may use a phone book and internet to compile a list of hotlines, social services agencies and organizations, support groups, health care professionals, religious organizations and shelter.
    Lead students to correlate the careers related to counseling and mental health.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing for extra time for assignment
    • providing feedback
    • continuously checking for understanding
    • peer tutoring

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    In subgroups of three, distribute Family Crisis Scenarios (see All Lesson Attachments tab), three scenarios per group. The students will identify the type of crisis, the effects of the crisis on the family, and resources available in your community. Students will write a written report to include all the information and present their report during lesson closure. Distribute Rubric for Written Report (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing student to complete assignments at home
    • continuously checking for understanding

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Students will make an oral presentation of their written report to the class.

    Allow for class discussion immediately following each presentation.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be assessed with the Rubric for Written Report (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Each student will write a one page personal reflection on what he or she learned from this lesson and how they plan to use the information now and in the future. Encourage them to include skills that are necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in the career field of counseling and mental health services.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • shortening length of project and/or presentation
    • using positive reinforcement

  • References/Resources

    Textbook:

    • Parnell Frances Baynor. (2001).Skills for personal and family living. Tinley Park: Goodheart-Willcox
    • Sasse Connie. (2004). Families today. New York: McGraw Hill Glencoe.

    Websites:

    • Helping Children and Youth Who Have Experienced Traumatic Events
      Childhood exposure to traumatic events is a major public health problem in the United States. Traumatic events can include witnessing or experiencing physical or sexual abuse, violence in families and communities, loss of a loved one, refugee and war experiences, living with a family member whose caregiving ability is impaired, and having a life-threatening injury or illness.
      http://www.samhsa.gov/children/SAMHSA_Short_Report_2011.pdf
    • Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect
      Resources on child abuse prevention, protecting children from risk of abuse, and strengthening families. Includes information on supporting families, protective factors, public awareness, community activities, positive parenting, prevention programs, and more.
      http://www.childwelfare.gov/preventing/
    • Tips for Helping Students Recovering from Traumatic Events
      U.S. Department of Education. The devastation accompanying the recent hurricanes along the Gulf Coast has underscored the crucial role of recovery planning in schools and communities affected by natural disasters. Although the focus is on natural disasters, these tips may apply to other traumas students may experience.
      http://www2.ed.gov/parents/academic/help/recovering/recovering.pdf

    YouTube™:

    • Makers of Memories
      Has researched these domestic violence statistics to raise awareness and bring attention to the residual effects domestic violence has on children and mothers.
      http://youtu.be/3s2hu9Zon4s
    • Salma Hayek Pinault in a PSA for the National Domestic Violence Hotline
      Academy Award Nominee Salma Hayek has proven herself as a prolific actress, producer, and director, in both film and television. Noted for her acting career, Hayek has also dedicated much of her time to social activism and the prevention of domestic violence. Salma is the Honorary Chair of The Hotline’s 15th Anniversary Committee and on the NDVH Celebrity Board. http://youtu.be/HT-_BrshWsQ
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Make sure students understand the vocabulary (word wall) before moving forward with this lesson. They are to make flash cards using an index card with the word on one side of the card and the definition on the other side. It is important for all students; especially ELL’s to have a firm foundation before moving forward. This is key to them following the entire lesson.
    • word wall
    • extra processing time
    • pre-teach vocabulary
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Current Events:
    Assign students to read about family crisis management. Information can be found in newspaper articles, magazines, journals, and online print.
    Suggestions:

    Students should each print a source of information about a counseling and mental health career, pair off and trade documents and then use the ”read, write, pair, share” strategy. First reading independently, then writing about what they have read and finally discussing, in pairs, their insight into the careers they have researched.
    http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Community-and-Social-Service/School-and-career-counselors.htm

    Encourage students to “visualize” as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scrap paper as they read. Providing students with graphic organizers to help them organize their thoughts is also helpful.

  • Quotes

    A real friend is one who walks in when the rest of the world walks out.
    -Walter Winchell

    A true friend sees the good in everything, and brings out the best in the worst of things.
    -Sasha Azevedo

    And in the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years.
    -Abraham Lincoln

    All parents damage their children. It cannot be helped. Youth, like pristine glass, absorbs the prints of its handlers. Some parents smudge, others crack, a few shatter childhoods completely into jagged little pieces, beyond repair.
    -Mitch Albom, The Five People You Meet in Heaven

    One day you will do things for me that you hate. That is what it means to be family.
    -Jonathan Safran Foer, Everything is Illuminated

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Family Crisis Management
    • Presentation Notes- Family Crisis Management

    Technology:

    YouTube™:

    • Makers of Memories
      Has researched these domestic violence statistics to raise awareness and bring attention to the residual effects domestic violence has on children and mothers.
      http://youtu.be/3s2hu9Zon4s
    • Salma Hayek Pinault in a PSA for the National Domestic Violence Hotline
      Academy Award Nominee Salma Hayek has proven herself as a prolific actress, producer, and director, in both film and television. Noted for her acting career, Hayek has also dedicated much of her time to social activism and the prevention of domestic violence. Salma is the Honorary Chair of The Hotline’s 15th Anniversary Committee and on the NDVH Celebrity Board.
      http://youtu.be/HT-_BrshWsQ

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Family Crisis Management Notes
    • Family Crisis Management Notes (Teacher Key)
    • Family Crisis Resources

    Handouts:

    • Family Crisis Scenarios
    • Rubric for Written Report

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • A family crisis is____________________.
    • I would help a friend in an abusive relationship by______________________.
    • I would like a ______________________career in Counseling and Mental Health because________________________.
    • The effects of domestic violence on children are _________________.
    • Crisis intervention programs provide_______________to families.

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT writing strategy
      • Role – student
      • Audience – parent
      • Format – letter
      • Topic – strategies to cope with a family crisis
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • My family has reacted to a crisis situation by……….
    • An intervention is necessary when………
    • A resource available to families in crisis in our town is……
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Instructions for students:
    Develop a pamphlet with a list of resources available in your community which provides help for families in a crisis situation. Share the pamphlet with the school counselors in the school district. Translate the pamphlet for the Spanish speaking community members. You can also make these available to a local rehabilitation shelter.

    Principles of Human Services Math Assessment Problem:

    Angela is facilitating a group counseling session dealing with credit card debt. To begin the group, she has everyone write down on a piece of paper the amount of credit card debt he or she currently has. The numbers are listed below.
    $23,750, $12,500, $52,000, $8,800, $18,500, $25,625, $15,600

    What is the median of the data that was collected?
    a. $ 8,800
    b. $15,600
    c. $17,050
    d. $18,500

    Answer: D

    Principles of Human Services Writing Prompt:

    Think about the types of crises, the appropriate responses and management techniques available, and the effects of a crisis on individuals and families. Write a story about a family facing and responding to a crisis. (9th grade literary writing).

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow the students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TEDTalk.

  • Family/Community Connection

    Invite a panel of professionals from various social services agencies and organizations to discuss their services and careers.

    Interview the school counselor to determine how the school district provides help for families in a crisis situation.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    FCCLA Family First Project –
    http://www.fcclainc.org/content/families-first/

    The FCCLA Families First Project is a national peer education program through which youth gain a better understanding of how families work and learn skills to become strong family members. Its goals are to: help youth become strong family members and leaders for today and tomorrow and strengthen the family as the basic unit of society. To help members focus their projects, Families First offers five units. Members may complete projects in one or several units. There is no particular order to them; although, “Families Today” might be a good place to start. This unit covers topics that provide a general overview of families and related issues. The topics are:
    Families Today: Understand and celebrate families
    You-Me-Us: Strengthen family relationships
    Meet the Challenge: Overcome obstacles together
    Balancing Family and Career: Manage multiple responsibilities
    Parent Practice: Learn to nurture children

  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson. For additional information on service learning see:
    http://www.ysa.org/

    Example:
    Students will identify the Big Brother/Big Sisters Organization to help. They will contact the general manager to discuss a possible service learning project.

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