Exploring Careers in Human Services

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Principles of Human Services

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student demonstrates personal characteristics for success in high-skill, high-wage, or high-demand careers. The student is expected to:
      • (K) demonstrate effective communication skills
    • (2) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in consumer services. The student is expected to:
      • (E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in consumer service careers
      • (F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
    • (3) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in counseling and mental health services. The students is expected to:
      • (G) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in counseling and mental health services
      • (H) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
    • (4) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in early childhood development and services. The student is expected to:
      • (E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in early childhood development and services
      • (F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interest
    • (5) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in family and community services. The student is expected to:
      • (E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in family and community services
      • (I) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests
    • (6) The student demonstrates the skills necessary to enhance personal and career effectiveness in personal care services. The student is expected to:
      • (E) describe rewards, demands, and future trends in personal care services
      • (F) identify employment and entrepreneurial opportunities and preparation requirements in the areas of personal interests
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • explore careers in human services
    • investigate their interests with an interactive online interest profiler
    • research skills, education, abilities, and work activities for a specific career
    • design a Human Services career poster
  • Rationale

    What career do you see in your future? What education do you need for this career? How much money will you make? What skills will you need? In this lesson you will explore the answers to these questions as well as additional information regarding Human Services careers. Let’s get started!

  • Duration of Lesson

    Six 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Career Clusters: Are groupings of occupations/career specialties used as an organizing tool for curriculum design and instruction. Occupations/career specialties are grouped into the Career Clusters based on the fact that they require a set of common knowledge and skills for career success. The Knowledge and Skills represented by Career Clusters prepare learners for a full range of occupations/career specialties, focusing on the holistic, polished blend of technical, academic and employability knowledge and skills. This approach enhances the more traditional approach to career and technical education in which instruction may focus on one or two occupations and emphasize only specific occupational skills

    Career Pathways: Are sub-groupings of occupations/career specialties used as an organizing tool for curriculum design and instruction. Occupations/career specialties are grouped into Pathways based on the fact that they require a set of common knowledge and skills for career success

    Certification: Proof that you are an expert in a specific topic

    Education: The act or process of acquiring knowledge. A particular kind of instruction or training

    Interests: What you like to do

    Occupations/Career Specialties: Are particular careers or occupations based on advanced knowledge and skills specific to that career or occupation

    Knowledge and Skills: Are industry-validated statements that describe what learners/employees need to know and be able to do for career success within a Cluster and/or Pathway

    Program of Study (curriculum framework): A sequence of instruction (based on recommended standards and knowledge and skills) consisting of coursework, co-curricular activities, work-site learning, service learning and other learning experiences. This sequence of instruction provides preparation for a career

    Personal Plan of Study: An individual learner’s scope and sequence of coursework, co-curricular activities, work-site learning, service learning and other learning experiences based upon his/her chosen career goals and aspirations. The Plan of Study should be revisited periodically (at least on an annual basis) to make adjustments as the interests and career aspirations of a learner change. This is a flexible resource designed to change in concert with the interests and needs of the learner

    Skills: Refer to the talent and expertise a person possesses to perform a certain job or task

    • Note to Teacher – Some definitions are longer than others and are taken from reliable sources. Use your discretion as to the length when assigning terms and definitions to students for review.
  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for multimedia presentations
    • computers with Internet access

    Supplies:

    • alphabet blocks
    • card stock
    • children’s books
    • educational magazines
    • fashion magazines
    • hair styling tools
    • index cards
    • play money
    • step ladder
    • textbooks (various)
    • toys
    • ties (to represent administration)
    • copies of all handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Become familiar with:

    Print the Principles of Human Services Careers O*Net Flashcards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on card stock ready for use in the Independent Practice tab.
    A list of the flashcards is available Human Services (see All Lesson Attachment tab) for you to reference.

    Gather materials and place in front of classroom. On index cards, write the following titles:

    • Ladder of Success (title at top)
    • On the Job Training (1st step)
    • Certifications (2nd step)
    • Associate’s Degree (3rd step)
    • Bachelor’s Degree (4th step)
    • Graduate Degree (5th step)

    Tape cards on the steps of the ladder from the bottom up with the title at the very top. Take a small amount of money on the lowest step representing On the Job Training. Place more money on the next step representing Certifications. Continue adding more money until the most money is at the top step, Graduate Degree.

    As students enter the classroom, allow them to visualize the more education they acquire, the more money they can make.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Exploring Careers in Human Services (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Distribute graphic organizer Ups and Downs of Careers in Human Services (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Allow students time to answer.

    Continue with slide presentation.

    View the Achieve Texas Media Component for Human Services.
    http://www.achievetexas.org/_media/00-0000.10-10.mpg

    Distribute the Career Cluster Programs of Study Models for Personal Financial Advisor, Sales Representative Housing, Sales Manager Apparel, Marriage and Family Therapist, Child Care Director, Dietitians, Geriatric Care Manager, Social and Community Services Manager, and Cosmetologist (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may follow along with the slide presentation.

    Distribute graphic organizer Human Services Career Wanted (see All Lesson Attachment tab) and explain to students to choose one of the Programs of Study Models they may be interested in as a career. Allow them to document the career from the bottom level to the top. Explain of course that any level attained is to be congratulated but to always be prepared for the top. Give examples.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • peer assistance with notetaking
    • providing printed PowerPoint™ notes
    • extra time to take notes

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce students to My Next Move – What do you want to do for a living? website
    http://www.mynextmove.org/

    Direct them to the Interests tab where they will answer questions about the type of work they might enjoy. Careers that match their interests and training will be suggested.

    Allow them time to complete the assessment and print their scores.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • peer assistance

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Student will design a poster with a selected career.

    Place the Principles of Human Services Careers O*Net Flashcards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) in a basket. Ask each student to choose one career that they will research. They may exchange careers with their peers or with you as long as each student has a different career.

    Direct students to the O*Net Online website.
    http://www.onetonline.org/

    Students will type in the O*Net SOC code in the Occupation Search.

    • Note to teacher – if you do not have a computer lab for your students, you may print the information needed for the careers from your computer so that students may be able to complete the assignment.

    Distribute the Rubric for Career Poster Visual Display and the Rubric for Electronic Glogster™ EDU Career Poster (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may understand the assignment. The poster should include an image of the career and the following information:

    • Tasks
    • Tools and Technology
    • Knowledge
    • Skills
    • Abilities
    • Work Activities
    • Job Zone
    • Education
    • Interest Code
    • Work Styles
    • Work Values
    • Wages and Employment Trends

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • shortened assignment
    • extended time to complete assignment

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson plan objectives, terms and definitions.

    The O*NET Interest Profiler can helped students find out what their interests were and how they relate to the world of work. It will also help them decide what kinds of careers they might want to explore.

    There are six interest areas:

    • Realistic
    • Investigative.
    • Artistic
    • Social
    • Enterprising
    • Conventional

    Students will share their top three scores from their personal score report with the class.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present their Career Poster to the class.
    Presentations will be assessed with a rubric.

    Option: Display the Career Posters on a wall outside your classroom so that students may view the possible careers in Human Services.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assistance with presentation
    • encourage participation
    • praise efforts

  • References/Resources

    Textbook:

    • Kelly, Joan and Eubanks, Eddye. Today’s teen. Mission Hills, CA: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1988. Print.

    Websites:

    • CTE – Learning that works for Americ Nationwide, Career Technical Education (CTE) programs are changing, evolving and innovating to better serve the country’s needs.
      http://www.careertech.org/
    • O*NET OnLine Detailed descriptions of the world of work for use by job seekers, workforce development and HR professionals, students, researchers, and more!
      http://www.onetonline.org/
  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Current Events:
    Assign students to read about exploring careers in Human Services. Information can be found in newspaper articles, magazines, journals, and online print.
    Suggestions:

    • Encourage students to keep up with and read educational trends by visiting the blogs at George Lucas’ Educational Foundation – What Works in Education
      http://www.edutopia.org/blogs

    Have students form their own questions about the text prior to reading or have them write down any questions that come to mind as they are reading.

  • Quotes

    Careers, like rockets, don’t always take off on time. The trick is to always keep the engine running.
    -Gary Sinise

    Be open to the amazing changes which are occurring in the field that interest you.
    -Leigh Steinberg

    Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.
    -Confucius

    Develop a passion for learning. If you do, you will never cease to grow.
    -Anthony J. D’Angelo

    It’s not what you achieve, it’s what you overcome. That’s what defines your career.
    -Carlton Fisk

    The best way to predict the future is to create it.
    -Abraham Lincoln

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Exploring Careers in Human Services
    • Presentation Notes – Exploring Careers in Human Services

    Technology:

    • Infographic:
      • Infographic: Choosing a Career
        This infographic indulges the fantasy a little, tempering it with a needed splash of reality. After all, while some people require unique experiences in their dream career, others just want stability and good health benefits.
        http://dailyinfographic.com/choosing-a-career-infographic

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Human Services Career Wanted
    • Ups and Downs of Careers in Human Services

    Handouts:

    • Human Services Careers O*Net Flashcards
    • Human Services list (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Cosmetologist (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Counselor Therapist (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Dietitian (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Early Childhood Educator (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Geriatric Care Manager (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Housing Home Furnishing Sales Rep(PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Personal Financial Manager Advisor (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Sales Manager Apparel (PDF and Excel)
    • Programs of Study Models – Social and Community Services Manager (PDF and Excel)
    • Rubric for Career Poster Visual Display
    • Rubric for Electronic Glogster™ EDU Career Poster

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • If I were a personal financial advisor, I would……because….
    • If I was employed as an cosmetologist, I would…. because….
    • If I was employed as an early geriatric care manager at a nursing home, I would…. because….
    • If I was employed as an early childhood educator, I would…..because….
    • If I was employed as a counselor therapist, I would…..because….
    • Human Services careers are important because…..

    Writing Strategies:

    • RAFT writing strategy
      • Role: Day Care Director
        Audience: Parent
        Format: Calendar
        Topic: Events that will take place during the year
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    Share their career interest and explanations from Human Services Career Wanted (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    My career choice is…… because ……..

  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students may be allowed to Job Shadow a person in a Human Services career. Be sure to follow school district guidelines.
    They may then write a report about the experience and share with the class.

    Infographic:

    Infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present complex information quickly and clearly.

    The infographic below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the image on a projector and lead a discussion concerning the information provided.

    • Infographic: Choosing a Career
      This infographic indulges the fantasy a little, tempering it with a needed splash of reality. After all, while some people require unique experiences in their dream career, others just want stability and good health benefits.
      http://dailyinfographic.com/choosing-a-career-infographic

    Principles of Human Services Math Assessment Problems

    James is going to a job interview and wants to wear slacks, a button-up and a tie. If he has 2 ties, 3 pairs of slacks and 5 button-ups. How many different combinations does he have that he could wear to the job interview?
    a. 10
    b. 20
    c. 30
    d. 40
    Answer: C

    James is going to a job interview and wants to wear slacks, a button-up and a tie. He has 2 ties, 3 pairs of slacks and 5 button-ups. At the last minute he decides to wear one of his 3 suit jackets, how many more outfit combinations does he have now that he is going to wear a jacket?
    a. 13
    b. 30
    c. 60
    d. 90
    Answer: C

    Angela is facilitating a group counseling session dealing with credit card debt. To begin the group she has everyone write down on a piece of paper the amount of credit card debt he or she currently has. The numbers are listed below.
    $23,750, $12,500, $52,000, $8,800, $18,500, $25,625, $15,600
    What is the median of the data that was collected?
    a. $ 8,800
    b. $15,600
    c. $17,050
    d. $18,500
    Answer: D

    Principles of Human Services Social Studies Assessment Questions

    Those who were concerned about the well being of people in a community and wanted to change things to make them better were called:
    a. employers
    b. photographers
    c. journalists
    d. social reformers
    Answer: D

  • Family/Community Connection

    Invite various community professionals in the Human Services industry to speak to the class about their job responsibilities.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America

    http://www.fccla.org

    • Advocacy: An individual or team event, recognizes participants who demonstrate their knowledge, skills, and ability to actively identify a local, state, or national concern, research the topic, identify a target audience and potential partnerships, form an action plan, and advocate for the issue in an effort to positively affect a policy or law.
    • Career Investigation: An individual event – recognizes participants for their ability to perform self-assessments, research and explore a career, set career goals, create a plan for achieving goals, and describe the relationship of Family and Consumer Sciences coursework to the selected career.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see http://www.nylc.org/

    Example:
    Students may plan an after school program promoting careers in Human Services at the local elementary or middle school after school programs.

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