Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Cosmetology II

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student consolidates the employability characteristics of a successful worker in the workplace. The student is expected to:
      • (A) evaluate leadership skills within a community setting to maintain positive relationships that enhance personal care business opportunities
      • (F) integrate logical reasoning in a variety of ethical workplace situations in order to make sound decisions
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • understand the guidelines of ethical behavior in the personal care industry
    • determine what they would do in workplace situations
    • create a skit depicting positive work ethics
  • Rationale

    As a cosmetologist, it is imperative to have a strong code of ethics. Having a strong code of ethics involves being a professional with your colleagues and clients. Cosmetologists are obligated to follow a code of ethics, laws and regulations set forth by the states in which they work. Following these bylaws helps cosmetologists sustain professional licenses and support client relations.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Ethics: Moral principles that govern a person’s behavior; a set of beliefs about what is right and what is wrong

    Honesty: When you are truthful and loyal in your words and actions

    Integrity: The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness

    Positive attitude: Behavior that shows someone is happy, has confidence in himself or herself or in others, and believes that life is good

    Professionalism: The ability to show respect to everyone around you while you perform your responsibilities as best as you can

    Skills: The ability to do something that comes from training, experience or practice

    Team: A group of two or more people who work together to achieve a common goal

    Unethical: Conduct that does not conform to generally accepted standards of conduct for professionals

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (be sure to follow district guidelines for Internet access)
    • presenter remote

    Materials:

    • basket
    • cardstock (for scenarios)
    • employee handbook
    • gavel
    • handcuffs
    • inspection reports
    • justice scale (if available)
    • Milady Textbook of Cosmetology

    Supplies:

    • appointment book
    • mirror
    • style books
    • stylist equipment
      • blow dryer
      • brushes
      • comb
      • make-up
      • scissors
    • telephone

    Other appropriate lessons

    • copies of all handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Prior to class:

    Print the Cosmetology II Work Ethics Scenario Cards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) on cardstock and cut apart so that the students can choose one for the activity during Independent Practice. Place cards in a basket.

    Display as many of the lesson-related supplies (see Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed) as you have available on a table in front of the room.

    Become familiar with PowerPoints™, handouts and activities.

    Before class begins:

    Read the following article to become familiar with how to teach about ethics.

    How to Teach Code of Ethics
    Teaching strong values to young people means helping them establish their own moral compass and learning how to apply it to their own life circumstances.
    http://www.ehow.com/how_5647233_teach-code-ethics.html

    Write the terms “ethics” and “work skills” on the board or overhead.

    Divide the board or a large sheet of paper into three sections. Label each section – Honesty – Integrity – Respect for Others. Assign a scribe to write student answers for each section.

    Begin a class discussion by asking students how they would describe honesty, integrity, and respect for others in a cosmetology setting.

    • What are ethics?
    • Why are ethics important?
    • How do work skills relate to the success or failure of a business? Of being employed?
    • What ethics and work skills do you possess?
    • Why does the receptionist at a salon need work ethics?
    • Why is it important to maintain a positive attitude when learning a new technique or skill?

    Lead students to share and discuss their responses.

    Students will practice the leadership skills of communication, teamwork, decision-making and problem solving with this activity.

    Human Knot

    Directions:

    • Have the group stand in a circle
    • Everyone must reach in with both of their hands and grab somebody else’s hand. They must be holding hands with two different people. This creates the “human knot.”
    • Everyone must work together to untie the knot without letting go of any hands. They will need to step over or duck under each other.
    • In the end, they will be untied into one large circle or sometimes two small circles,

    Lead a discussion with the following questions:

    • How does this activity relate to “real life”?
    • Did you experience any conflict during this activity?
    • Why do you think I had you participate in this activity?
    • Where might this situation occur in the future in the area of cosmetology?
    • Why is it important to have plenty of information before making ethical decisions?
    • What did you learn about your own skills in communicating with others?
    • Did you make any mistakes that you can learn from?
  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute handout Note Taking: Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will be expected to take notes while viewing the slide presentation. Teacher will determine the notes to be recorded by students.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and begin the discussion with students.

    Allow for questions and discussion. Check for understanding.

    YouTube™ video:

    • Work Ethics Orientation
      Southeastern Technical College Swainsboro Peggy Braswell Cosmetology Work Ethics Orientation
      http://youtu.be/4TxnHQUE0gc

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • providing a copy of the slide presentation

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute My Workplace Ethics in Cosmetology (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. Students will complete the table by listing workplace ethics, the importance of having those particular ethics in the job market, methods of obtaining the ethics and resources to obtain the ethics.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing students extra time to complete the assignment
    • providing fill-in-the-blank note handouts for students to follow and fill in during the lesson
    • pairing students with elbow partners who can assist them with verbal and written responses to the lesson

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Separate Cosmetology II Work Ethics Scenario Cards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and place in a basket. There are ten scenarios with various situations. Blank cards have been provided for writing any other situations you may think of.

    Divide the students into groups of three or four and explain that they will choose a scenario to role-play and brainstorm solutions to the scenario.

    Distribute Rubric for Ethics Skit or Role-Play (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students understand what is expected. Students may make a video of their skit and present it to the class.

    Allow time for discussion of the topic.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing extra time for assignments
    • providing opportunity to respond orally
    • placing emphasis on major points

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute Word Chain Activity (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. Provide students with a topic/lesson title for the activity and a word or terms related to the topic. Have students write the word in the first chain link. Instruct students to think of a word related to the topic that BEGINS with the LAST letter of the word you provided. Their task is to continue adding topic-related terms to the chain links until all links have been completed. An example has been provided for you, as well as a blank template for your use.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present their scenarios with appropriate solutions.

    Students will be assessed with the appropriate rubric.

    The students will write a one-page summary analyzing the importance of workplace ethics and skills. Students will reflect on how the lesson, activities and information will assist them in the future. The reflection, rubric and various handouts will be submitted for assessment.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encouraging participation
    • extending “wait time”
    • working with a peer tutor
    • providing highlighted materials for emphasis

  • References/Resources

    Images:

    • Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft™.

    Textbook:

    • Frangle, C.M. (2012). Milady standard cosmetology. Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning.

    Websites:

    • Ethics Resource Center
      ERC is a nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization, dedicated to independent research that advances high ethical standards and practices in public and private institutions.
      http://www.ethics.org/

    YouTube™:

    • Work Ethics Orientation
      Southeastern Technical College Swainsboro Peggy Braswell Cosmetology Work Ethics Orientation
      http://youtu.be/4TxnHQUE0gc
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Ask students to repeat your instructions back to you to be sure they know what is expected of them before each new phase of the lesson.
    • Discuss vocabulary in detail and make sure everyone has a firm grasp on it before moving forward with the lesson.
    • Use graphic organizers and visuals to explain the lesson in detail.
    • Utilize Four Corners Vocabulary/Word Wall Activity
      http://cte.sfasu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Four-Corner-Vocabulary2.pdf
    • Have students say and write the vocabulary words in their primary languages.
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Current Events:
    Assign students to read about the importance of work ethics and skills. Information can be found in newspaper articles, magazines, journals and online print.
    Suggestions:

    • Encourage students to connect reading to their life experiences or prior knowledge.
  • Quotes

    Let me give you the definition of ethics: it is good to maintain life and to further life. It is bad to damage and destroy life. And this ethic, profound and universal, has the significance of a religion. It is religion.
    -Albert Schweitzer

    To care for anyone else enough to make their problems one’s own, is ever the beginning of one’s real ethical development.
    -Felix Adler

    The true is only the expedient in the way of our thinking, just as the right is only the expedient in the way of our behaving.
    -William James

    The moral law is the expression of our inmost nature and when we live in consonance with it we feel that we are living out our true being.
    -Felix Adler

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II
    • Presentation Notes for Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II

    Technology:

    Free iPad Apps

    YouTube:

    • Work Ethics Orientation
      Southeastern Technical College Swainsboro Peggy Braswell Cosmetology Work Ethics Orientation
      http://youtu.be/4TxnHQUE0gc

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Note Taking: Ethical Standards in Cosmetology II

    Handouts:

    • Cosmetology II Work Ethics Scenario Cards
    • My Workplace Ethics in Cosmetology
    • Rubric for Ethics Skit or Role-Play
    • Word Chain Activity

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • I will demonstrate a 100% commitment as a cosmetologist by _______________.
    • An employer can encourage a good work environment in which work ethics are practiced by _______________.
    • Some examples of poor work ethics are __________________.

    Writing Strategy:

    RAFT Writing Strategy
    Role – Owner of a salon
    Audience – Cosmetologists working at the salon
    Format – Memo
    Topic – The importance of practicing ethics at the workplace every day

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • If I owned a salon, I would want my employees to possess the following work ethics: ____________.
    • Work ethics are important because ______________.
    • Stealing from your workplace is wrong because ________________.
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Allow students to create their own code of ethics for your classroom. The following article will assist them.

    How to Develop a Personal Code of Ethics
    Your own code of ethics acts as a moral blueprint for what you believe in and how you relate to the rest of the world.
    http://www.ehow.com/how_5982751_develop-personal-code-ethics.html

    Teacher note: This video is about 36 minutes long. You have the option to share the video during class time or you can assign it as an enrichment activity.

    • Work Ethics Orientation
      Southeastern Technical College Swainsboro Peggy Braswell Cosmetology Work Ethics Orientation
      http://youtu.be/4TxnHQUE0gc
    • Ethics Resource Center
      This resource includes tips and guidelines for writing codes of ethics, an ethics glossary, values definitions and other short articles on the practice of organizational ethics. Students can develop their own ethical standards for the teaching and training profession.
      http://www.ethics.org/page/ethics-toolkit
    • The nonprofit organization Workplace Fairness provides workers with information about many issues including employee rights. Have students pick an issue that they find interesting and write a summary explaining how it affects workers, why they think it is important and how workers can deal with it at:
      http://www.workplacefairness.org/the-issues
  • Family/Community Connection

    Students can ask experienced hair stylists and salon owners to speak to the class about ethical standards.

    • Option: Students may interview experienced hair stylists and salon owners and report back to the class.
  • CTSO connection

    SkillsUSA

    http://www.skillsusa.org

    Cosmetology – Students will demonstrate their skills in hair cutting, hair styling and long hair design in four separate tests. All work is performed on mannequins so everyone begins with the same model and the same type of hair. Contestants will create one 90 degree women’s haircut, one woman’s and one man’s cut from a finished photo. A display of creativity is seen in the long hair segment of the competition where these future salon professionals demonstrate their own design skills. A parade finale closes the contest with each contestant walking down the stage with their completed mannequins to present to the audience.

  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson.
    http://www.ysa.org

    Students can promote ethical workplace behavior by presenting information at a job fair or other community venues detailing qualities for responsible cosmetologists.