Eat Right, Exercise and Stay Healthy!

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Child Guidance

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (3) The student analyzes the responsibilities that promote health and wellness of children. The student is expected to:
      • (A) identify signs of good health and symptoms of illness in children
      • (B) describe child guidance practices for rest, exercise, obesity prevention, public and personal safety and sanitation
      • (D) prepare nutritious snacks or meals for children following the food guidelines in promoting children’s health such as portion control, caloric requirements and nutrient needs
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • analyze child guidance practices related to sanitation, obesity prevention, safety, rest, and exercise
    • plan and prepare a nutritious snack based on the USDA guidelines of MyPlate
    • incorporate exercising and eating healthy as part of a child’s lifestyle in order help reduce illness
    • differentiate between the signs of good health and symptoms of illness in children
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Child guidance covers an array of topics such as developing healthy eating habits and knowing how much sleep children need; to how and what to teach children about safety and sanitation. This lesson will provide you with opportunities to explore these and other child guidance topics.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Calorie: A quantity of food capable of producing such an amount of energy

    Exercise: Bodily or mental exertion, especially for the sake of training or improvement of health

    Healthy: Possessing or enjoying good health or a sound and vigorous mentality

    Illness: Unhealthy condition; poor health

    Nutrition: The food eaten and the way the body uses it

    Obese: An excess proportion of total body fat

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computer lab or laptop cart

    Lab supplies:

    • fruit (blueberries, sliced strawberries)
    • granola
    • napkins
    • plastic cups
    • spoons
    • vanilla yogurt

    Materials:

    • old magazines, preferably child care related
    • scissors
    • glue
    • paper
    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Locate and print pictures of children sleeping, exercising, eating and washing their hands, etc. Also print pictures of MyPlate. Tape all pictures on the wall or create a looping slide presentation with these pictures.

    As class begins have students brainstorm the connections between the pictures and child guidance.

    Distribute KWL Chart (see All Lesson Attachment tab) and have students fill in the first two sections.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Review word wall. Discuss each term and definition as it relates to child guidance and the well-being of children. Check for understanding.

    Focus on differentiating between signs of good health and symptoms of illness. This may be done in the form of a T chart on notebook paper.

    Allow students to analyze how exercise and eating promote good health and help reduce illness in children.

    As a class, allow students to brainstorm, list and possibly demonstrate several types of exercises appropriate for children of different ages (jumping jacks and stretches).

    Introduce Eat Right, Exercise and Stay Healthy PowerPoint™ (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Focus on MyPlate guidelines and portions at http://www.choosemyplate.gov

    Have students navigate to http://www.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov and click on Analyze MyPlate. This is an interactive exercise. Instruct students to create a healthy breakfast, lunch or dinner for a child of a specific age. The program will allow them to drag food items on to plate. Students will receive a nutritional analysis of their selections.

    Check for understanding.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • providing extra time for oral response
    • providing frequent feedback

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Prior to a mini-lab demonstration, review and demonstrate the difference between cleanliness and sanitation. Relate to child guidance and the prevention of illness. Focus on how to teach children to wash hands properly (singing happy birthday song twice).

    Demonstrate how to make a healthy snack (yogurt parfait) that would be appropriate as an after school snack for school-age children. Discuss age appropriate snacks and habits that could help prevent obesity in children.

    If time and resources allow, have students each make a ‘healthy’ snack.

    As students make snacks, have them determine which food groups have been included. Refer back to MyPlate references, and discuss why this would be important information to teach a child.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • providing frequent student/teacher contact
    • providng frequent student interaction

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Scenario: Students are child care experts and have been charged with the task of individually creating a 12 month calendar entitled Responsibilities that Promote Health and Wellness of Children. Each month is to represent a child guidance topic or technique. Review the components of the rubric that will be used to assess this project.

    Student-made calendars can include pictures from magazines, original sketches or electronic means, with appropriate captions related to project objectives.

    See references/resources for suggested research sites.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assisting student with project selection
    • allowing for extra time to complete assignment

  • Lesson Closure

    Round robin question and answer session on lesson objectives. Check for understanding.

    Allow students complete third row of KWL chart and discuss.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Student projects will be presented to the class and assessed with a rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • shortened length of presentation
    • providing extra time for completion of assignment

  • References/Resources

    Websites:

    • Sleep for Kids
      http://www.sleepforkids.org/
      This site contains Information on the importance and amount of sleep needed by children of different ages.
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Use of Word Wall
    • Adding words from word wall to a personal student-made dictionary, kept and updated throughout the entire course.
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

  • Quotes

    To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art.
    -La Rochefoucauld

    Those who think they have no time for healthy eating will sooner or later have to find time for illness.
    -modified from : Edward Stanley (1826-1893) from The Conduct of Life

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Eat Right, Exercise, and Stay Healthy!

    Technology:

    • Wii:
      • Use Wii to dance/exercise
        Allow students to take turns playing games on Wii that include exercise. For students that aren’t exercising on the Wii, partner with a buddy and exercise together. For example, jumping jacks, lunges, squats and so forth.
    • Infographic:
    • Tedx Talk:
      • Dean Ornish: The killer American diet that’s sweeping the planet
        Forget the latest disease in the news: Cardiovascular disease kills more people than everything else combined — and it’s mostly preventable. Dr. Dean Ornish explains how changing our eating habits can save lives.
        https://youtu.be/RTIY66IPjdY

    YouTube™:

    • YMCA song – Students will create an activity for local elementary school children, example, dance to the YMCA song (locate song on YouTube), as way of promote exercising.

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • KWL Chart

    Handouts:

    • Project Rubric

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • What is your favorite type of exercise? Explain.
    • How much sleep does a six year old child need?
    • What does the phrase, “You are what you eat” mean to you?
    • Describe the most memorable meal you’ve ever eaten.

    Writing Strategy:

    • Write as much as you can in 3 minutes on what the lesson was about. Spelling and grammar count.
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Why is it important to exercise and how does that impact the health and wellness of children?
    • What is the importance of eating healthy and how does it benefit the health and wellness of children?
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students could discuss the health problems associated with the rise in childhood obesity and create a poster or brochure to use during Health Awareness Week.
    See CTSO connection.

    Math Assessment Problem

    (3) The student analyzes responsibilities that promote health and wellness of children. The student is expected to:

    • (A) identify signs of good health and symptoms of illness in children.

    Question 9. Tran’s child is sick, so she has been dispensing a children’s pain reliever according to the dosage instructions. If an 800 milligrams dose is supposed to last 6 hours, how long will a 500 milligrams dosage last?
    a. 2.5 hours
    b. 2.75 hours
    c. 3.5 hours
    d. 3.75 hours

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    • Dean Ornish: The killer American diet that’s sweeping the planet
      Forget the latest disease in the news: Cardiovascular disease kills more people than everything else combined — and it’s mostly preventable. Dr. Dean Ornish explains how changing our eating habits can save lives.
      http://www.ted.com/talks/dean_ornish_on_the_world_s_killer_diet
  • Family/Community Connection

    • Have students create an activity for local elementary school children. Example – a presentation on health and wellness, ending with a group dance to the YMCA song as way of promoting healthy exercise habits.
    • Invite the school nurse, counselor or social worker as a guest speaker to discuss ways to promote health and wellness of children.
  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
    http://texasfccla.org

    STAR Events:

    • Illustrated Talk – An individual or team event – recognizes participants who make an oral presentation about issues concerning Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations. Participants use visuals to illustrate content of the presentation.
    • Focus on Children – An individual or team event – recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences skills to plan and conduct a child development project that has a positive impact on children and the community.

    Students could discuss the rise in childhood obesity and the health problems associated with obesity. They might create a poster or brochure to use during Health Awareness Week.

    Themes:

    • Follow MyPlate for Healthy Eating and Living
    • Wise Food Choices + Exercise = Healthy Children
    • Sample Menus
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson. For additional information on service learning see
    http://www.ysa.org/

    Example – Healthy Foods for School Aged Children
    Have students organize a school wide food drive for healthy, non-perishable foods appropriate for children (determine age group). Donate collected items to a food bank.