ChooseMyPlate – Weight Management, Calories and Fad Diets

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Lifetime Nutrition and Wellness

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (2) The student understands the principles of digestion and metabolism. The student is expected to:
      • (B) calculate and explain basal and activity metabolisms and factors that affect each
    • (3) The student demonstrates knowledge of nutritionally balanced diets. The student is expected to:
      • (D) plan diets based on life cycle, activity level, nutritional needs, portion control and food budget
      • (F) analyze advertising claims and fad diets with the recommendations of the Recommended Dietary Allowances
      • (G) analyze current lifestyle habits that may increase health risks
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • calculate their BMI
    • analyze their current eating and drinking habits
    • assess what they should eat and drink based on ChooseMyPlate guidelines
    • recognize fad diets throughout the years
    • research popular fad diets
  • Rationale

    (Updated 05/05/2014) In addition to helping you feel and look better, reaching a healthier body weight is good for your overall health and well being. If you are overweight or obese, you have a greater risk of developing many diseases including type 2 diabetes, heart disease and some types of cancer.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Five 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Body Mass Index (BMI): A number calculated from a person’s weight and height and provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems

    Calorie: The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water (a little more than 4 cups) by 1 degree Celsius

    Daily Food Plans: Guides to help you choose foods and beverages that meet your nutrient needs while staying within your calorie limits

    Fad diet: A popular weight-loss method that is not based on sound nutrition principles

    Weight management: Maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing gradual weight gain over time and losing weight if overweight

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with Internet access for multimedia presentations
    • computer lab with Internet access (be sure to follow school district guidelines)
    • scale (borrow one from the Health Science Teacher or the school nurse)

    Materials:

    • Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 (one copy) (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
    • Fad diet books: (whatever you have available)
      • Biggest Loser Cookbook
      • Dr. Atkins New Diet Revolution
      • Mayo Clinic Diet
      • The South Beach Diet
      • The 17 Day Diet

    Supplies:

    Examples of fad diets:

    • baby food jar
    • bananas
    • cabbage
    • grapefruits
    • liquid protein drink
    • measuring tape
    • vinegar and water

    • skin fold calipers (if available)

    • copies for handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Become familiar with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Fad Diet Timeline.
    http://www.eatright.org/nnm/games/timeline/index.html

    Gather as many supplies and equipment from the Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed section as you have available. Add any other materials you feel may be appropriate. Place these items on a table in front of the classroom.

    Distribute graphic organizer KWL – Fad Diets (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Allow time for students to fill in the first two sections with a list of things they already KNOW about Fad Diets and what they WANT to learn about Fad Diets. The KWL will be returned at the end of the lesson to fill in the last section with a list of things they LEARNED about Fad Diets.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Connect your computer to a multimedia projector to view each section of the ChooseMyPlate website.

    ChooseMyPlate – Weight Management and Calories
    http://www.choosemyplate.gov/weight-management-calories.html

    Distribute ChooseMyPlate – Weight Management and Calories (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students will take notes as you review each section.

    Review and discuss each page with your students so they become familiar with how to manage their weight and added calories.

    Weight Management and Calories

    • Learn What You Currently Eat and Drink
    • What To Eat and Drink
    • Make Better Choices
    • Eat the Right Amount of Calories for You
    • Decrease Portion Sizes
    • Eat Fewer Empty Calories
    • Focus on Foods You Need
    • When Eating Out, Make Better Choices
    • Cook More Often at Home
    • Increase Physical Activity
    • Decrease Screen Time
    • What are Empty Calories?
    • How Many Can I Have?
    • What Are Solid Fats?
    • What Are Added Sugars?
    • How Do I Count Empty Calories?

    View the following videos to explain weight management.

    • Finding Balance
      More than one third of U.S. adults are obese. Weight gain occurs when you consume more calories than your body uses.
      www.cdc.gov/CDCTV/FindingBalance

    Optional: Slide presentations Portion Distortion I and Portion Distortion 2 (see All Lesson Attachments tab) from The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, in cooperation with the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases may be viewed so students may see how portions have changed over the years.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • checking for understanding
    • copy of handout key

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce PowerPoint™ Fad Diets (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Follow the script at the bottom of the presentation notes.

    Distribute graphic organizer Fad Diets Timeline (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Log onto the:

    Allow students to follow along and take notes as you click on the different years. Discuss the effects that some of the diets had on people.

    Distribute handout Enjoy Your Food But Eat Less: 10 Tips to Enjoying Your Meal (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Allow students to read the handout and discuss the topics. This handout may be included in their cookbook or journal.

    Distribute handouts My Daily Food Plan Worksheet and Keeping Track (see All Lesson Attachments tab).
    Explain to students that the food plans are guides to help them choose foods and beverages that meet their nutrient needs while staying within their calorie limits. Think of the Food Plan as a road map to guide them on the path to a healthier weight. They will learn how much they need to eat each day from the 5 food groups. They can also find out their total calorie limit and their limit for empty calories (calories from solid fats and added sugars) with their Daily Food Plan.

    In addition, have students write down the physical activities they do, and how long they spend doing each one. Log each activity that you do for at least 10 minutes at a time. Every bit adds up.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • repeated instructions
    • shortened, simplified instructions

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute graphic organizer Calculating BMI (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Place a scale in a discreet place so that students may weigh themselves if they do not know their weight. Use a health scale that can also measure height. If you do not have one, borrow one from the Health teacher or nurse on your campus. A tape measure taped to your wall at the correct height will also work.

    Divide the students into subgroups of two or three. Assign a popular fad diet for students to research. Information can be presented in a poster or using Glogster™ EDU.

    The following criteria should be displayed:

    • Title
    • Description
    • Key points
    • Results promised
    • Images of book available

    Distribute Rubric for Fad Diet Glogster™ EDU and Rubric for Fad Diet Visual Display (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so that students may understand what is expected.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • extended time for assignments
    • check for understanding

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Return the KWL – Fad Diets (see All Lesson Attachments tab) distributed in the Anticipatory set. Students may now complete the last section – what they LEARNED about Fad Diets.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will present their research on fad diets to the class.

    Students will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encourage participation
    • assist in presentation

  • References/Resources

    Textbooks:

    • Duyff, R. L. (2010). Food, nutrition & wellness. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.
    • Kowtaluk, H. (2010). Food for today. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill.
    • Weixel, S., & Wempen, F. (2010). Food & nutrition and you. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

    Videos:

    Website:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Distribute handout Eat Right for a Healthy Weight (see All Lesson Attachments tab) from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Students may read these tips to achieve a healthy weight.

    Healthy Eating for a Healthy Weight
    http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/healthy_eating/

    Improving Your Eating Habits
    http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/losing_weight/eating_habits.html

    Encourage students to connect reading to their life experiences or prior knowledge.

  • Quotes

    Those who think they have no time for healthy eating, will sooner or later have to find time for illness.
    -Edward Stanley

    Unfortunately, everything the experts tell us about diet is aimed at the whole population, and we are not all the same.
    -The Scientist Magazine

    Diet is the essential key to all successful healing. Without a proper balanced diet, the effectiveness of herbal treatment is very limited.
    -Michael Tierra

    Most people don’t have a problem going on a diet. Their problem is being consistent on their diet.
    -Karen Sessions

    Our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food.
    -Hippocrates

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoints™:

    • Fad Diets
    • Presentation Notes – Fad Diets
    • Portion Distortion I
    • Portion Distortion 2

    Technology:

    • TED Talks:
      • Sandra Aamodt: Why dieting doesn’t usually work
        In the US, 80% of girls have been on a diet by the time they’re 10 years old. In this honest, raw talk, neuroscientist Sandra Aamodt uses her personal story to frame an important lesson about how our brains manage our bodies, as she explores the science behind why dieting not only doesn’t work, but is likely to do more harm than good. She suggests ideas for how to live a less diet-obsessed life, intuitively.
        http://www.ted.com/talks/sandra_aamodt_why_dieting_doesn_t_usually_work

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Calculating BMI
    • ChooseMyPlate – Weight Management and Calories
    • ChooseMyPlate – Weight Management and Calories (Key)
    • Fad Diets Timeline
    • Fad Diets Timeline (Key)
    • KWL – Fad Diets

    Handouts:

    • Dietary Guidelines
    • Eating Right for a Healthy Weight
    • Enjoy Your Food But Eat Less
    • Keeping Track
    • My Daily Food Plan Worksheet
    • Rubric for Fad Diet Glogster™ EDU
    • Rubric for Fad Diet Visual Display

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • I need to lose/gain weight because ……..
    • I have tried the following fad diet _________ and my results were ……
    • My BMI is ______ which means …….
    • My current eating and drinking habits may ……….
    • I think fad diets are ………..

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT writing strategy
      • Role – registered dietitian
      • Audience – high school teenager
      • Format – diets
      • Topic – healthy meals to maintain weight
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    Healthy meals to maintain my weight would consist of ………..
    Three things I need to do to lose weight are ………….

  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Allow students to assess their knowledge of nutrition and eating healthy foods by playing the following games from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

    Infographics:

    Infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present complex information quickly and clearly.

    The infographic below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the image on a projector and lead a discussion concerning the information provided.

    TED Talks:

    TED is a nonprofit organization devoted to spreading ideas, usually in the form of short, powerful talks (18 minutes or less). The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    • Sandra Aamodt: Why dieting doesn’t usually work
      In the US, 80% of girls have been on a diet by the time they’re 10 years old. In this honest, raw talk, neuroscientist Sandra Aamodt uses her personal story to frame an important lesson about how our brains manage our bodies, as she explores the science behind why dieting not only doesn’t work, but is likely to do more harm than good. She suggests ideas for how to live a less diet-obsessed life, intuitively.
      http://www.ted.com/talks/sandra_aamodt_why_dieting_doesn_t_usually_work

    Human Services Lifetime Nutrition and Wellness Writing Prompts

    • (3) The student demonstrates knowledge of nutritionally balanced diets. The student is expected to:
      • (G) analyze current lifestyle habits that may increase health risks

    Think about current lifestyles that may increase health risks. Imagine you have a friend who is living such a lifestyle. Write a paper in which you persuade your friend to change his or her lifestyle to one that is healthier. (10th and 11th grade persuasive writing)

  • Family/Community Connection

    Invite a registered dietitian to speak to the class about eating healthy and maintaining a healthy weight.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)

    http://www.texasfccla.org

    • Nutrition and Wellness
      An individual event – recognizes participants who track food intake and physical activity for themselves, their family or a community group and determine goals and strategies for improving their overall health.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see http://www.ysa.org

    Example:
    Organize a health and wellness fair to include health professionals to present health risks for overweight and underweight adults.

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