Careers in Child Development: Exploring Employment Opportunities

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Child Development

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (3) The student investigates strategies for optimizing the development of infants of diverse backgrounds, including those with special needs. The student is expected to:
      • (G) describe and apply technical knowledge and skills required to be successful in careers involving infants such as neonatal intensive care specialist and infant mental health specialist.
    • (6) The student analyzes the growth and development of school-age children of diverse backgrounds, including those with special needs. The student is expected to:
      • (G) explore careers involving school-age children
      • (I) propose short-term and long-term career goals in child development
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • assess their personal interests, aptitudes and abilities that are needed in the child care profession
    • develop a plan for setting short and long-term goals
    • evaluate careers in Child Development
    • determine employability skills such as communication, problem solving, leadership, teamwork, ethics and technical skills that are needed in the child care profession
  • Rationale

    Script:

    A caregiver is defined as a person who has the job of caring for children in a child care setting, someone with a nurturing and caring role, and someone who determines appropriate guidance techniques and promotes the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of children.
    Do you have these abilities? Then a career in child development may be in your future. Explore the employment opportunities as we study this lesson.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Four 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Aptitudes: A natural or acquired talent or ability

    Aptitude test: A standardized test for measuring the ability of an individual to acquire knowledge or develop skills

    Career: A chosen occupation

    Caregiver: The term caregiver refers to a person (secondary caregiver) who has the job of caring for children in the child care setting. A caregiver may also be called an early childhood or child care practitioner

    Communication: Exchange of information by thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs

    Employability skills: Employability skills are the non-technical skills and knowledge necessary for effective participation in the workforce, and can include skills such as communication, self-management, problem solving and teamwork.

    Goals: Something to work toward: clear ideas or plans of what you want to achieve

    Interests: What you like to do

    Skills: What people know how to do well

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for multimedia presentation
    • schedule use of computer lab or computer lab cart at least three days prior to lesson

    Supplies:

    • alphabet blocks
    • certificate samples
    • college brochures (various)
    • small toys
    • textbooks
    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Note to teacher – Become familiar with:

    • The Occupational Outlook Handbook Teacher’s Guide to assist the students with their career search.
      http://www.bls.gov/ooh/About/Teachers-Guide.htm
    • The Texas Work Prep Learning Management System (LMS) designed and hosted by the Texas Workforce Commission. The Job Hunter’s Guide Course – This course will allow the student to gain knowledge and skills to attain employment. The course is approximately an hour and a half long. Students will receive a certificate upon completion of this course. Certificate can be printed and added to their professional portfolio.
      https://www.texasworkprep.com/texasworkprep.htm

    Gather supplies and place on a table for students to see as they enter the classroom.

    When students are seated, have students brainstorm answers to the following questions. Assign a student scribe to record all answers on the board or chart tablet.

    Have you ever considered a career in Child Development?
    Would you prefer to work with children or adolescents?
    How much money do you think child care workers make per year?
    What are some advantages to careers in Child Development?
    What are some disadvantages to careers in Child Development?

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute graphic organizer Setting Career Goals (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Introduce Careers in Child Development: Exploring Employment Opportunities PowerPoint™ (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and begin lesson. Allow for discussion and questions.

    After viewing slide presentation, distribute graphic organizer Education and Training in Child Development (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Assist students as they each outline their personal educational plan for. pursuing a career in Child Development.

    Stress the importance and benefits of setting career goals. Allow students to share their outline with the class.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encouraging participation
    • extra time for oral response

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce the Texas Work Prep Learning Management System. Direct students to the Texas Job Hunter’s Guide Course.
    https://www.texasworkprep.com/texasworkprep.htm
    Inform students that this is an interactive free assessment for that will allow them to identify their job values, interests, aptitudes, and skills assessments as well as assist them in preparing a résumé and teaching them interview skill tips. Students must complete all six sections and successfully pass a short quiz to receive their printable certificate. Stress the importance of having this type of documentation in their professional portfolio.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • break difficult tasks into smaller parts; teach each part separately if needed
    • allowing for extra time

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Divide students into teams of two. Present the following scenario:

    You and your coworkers have been selected to investigate careers in Child Development. Work together as a team to research information needed to share with the class.

    Place Occupational Outlook Handbook Flashcards (see All Lesson Attachments tab) in a basket and ask one member from each group to select a card with a career they will research and present to the class.

    Distribute the Rubric for PowerPoint™ Presentation and Rubric for Multimedia Prezi™ Presentation (see All Lesson Attachments tab) so students understand what is expected.

    Distribute graphic organizer Pros and Cons of Employment Opportunities in Child Development (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Students should read through their selected career option and determine a minimum of eight advantages and eight disadvantages.

    Introduce and guide students through the website components of the Occupational Outlook Handbook
    http://bls.gov/ooh/

    Students will locate the selected career and gather information for their multimedia presentation. The following information should be included:

    • Education requirement
    • Duties
    • Work environment
    • Salary
    • Job outlook
    • Similar occupations
    • Job specific terminology and definition
    • Contacts

    If available, students should include a short video on their selected career in the presentation from the Career One Stop website:

    Guide and assist students as needed as they work independently on their research projects.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • highlighting important facts for students
    • give encouragement and praise.

  • Lesson Closure

    Review terms, definitions and lesson objectives.

    At end of each class period, a team will be provided with an opportunity to share the pros and cons of their selected career with the class.

    Questions:
    Would the discovered challenges (cons) deter them from pursuing this career?
    Would the discovered benefits (pros) encourage them to pursue this career?

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Teams will present their multimedia presentations. Allow time for student questions and class discussion after each presentation.

    Student projects/presentations will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • assist student with presentation
    • encourage participation
    • give praise

  • References/Resources

    Textbook:

    • Sasse, Connie. Families Today. 4th. Peoria: McGraw-Hill , 2004. 125-137.

    Websites:

    • AchieveTexas
      AchieveTexas which is an education initiative designed to prepare students for a lifetime of success. It allows students to achieve excellence by preparing them for secondary and postsecondary opportunities, career preparation and advancement, meaningful work, and active citizenship.
      http://www.achievetexas.org/
    • Association for Childhood Education International
      Each child possesses a unique set of gifts and talents. Educators and others invested in the education of children should value each child as a unique and special individual.
      http://www.acei.org
    • Bureau of Labor Statistics
      Exploring career information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics
      http://www.bls.gov/k12/
    • Child Welfare League of America
      CWLA is a powerful coalition of hundreds of private and public agencies serving vulnerable children and families since 1920. Their expertise, leadership and innovation on policies, programs, and practices help improve the lives of millions of children in all 50 states.
      http://www.cwla.org
    • National Association of Child Care Professionals
      The nation’s leader among associations serving child care owners, directors, and administrators. The organization’s goal is to improve, enhance and strengthen the credibility of the people who lead the child care industry by providing membership services and benefits.
      http://www.naccp.org
    • National Association for the Education of Young
      Children
      Provide resources for Early Childhood Professionals to improve their practice through professional development, allowing them to grow in the field.
      http://www.naeyc.org
    • Occupational Outlook Handbook
      The nation’s premier source for career information
      http://bls.gov/ooh/
    • Professionalism
      An article conveying no matter the industry – from customer service to an office job to construction and the trades – all of these jobs have one thing in common: in order to succeed and move ahead, you need to demonstrate professionalism-page 114.
      http://www.dol.gov/odep/topics/youth/softskills/Professionalism.pdf
    • The Texas Work Prep Learning Management System (LMS) designed and hosted by the Texas Workforce Commission. The Job Hunter’s Guide Course – This course will allow the student to gain knowledge and skills to attain employment. The course is approximately an hour and a half long. Students will receive a certificate upon completion of this course. Certificate can be printed and added to their professional portfolio.
      https://www.texasworkprep.com/texasworkprep.htm
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Make sure students understand the vocabulary (word wall) before moving forward with this lesson. They are to make flash cards using an index card with the word on one side of the card and the definition on the other side. It is important for all students; especially ELL’s to have a firm foundation before moving forward. This is key to them following the entire lesson.
    • Allow students to draw pictures of the different types of communication to help learn terms and definitions
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Students should each print the Professionalism article on page 114 at
    http://www.dol.gov/odep/topics/youth/softskills/Professionalism.pdf (see References/Resources tab), pair off and trade documents then use the ”read, write, pair, share” strategy. First reading independently, then writing about what they have read and finally discussing in pairs their insight into professional skills they have read about.

    Word Attack Strategies. Prior to reading, allow students to skim the passage or text, circling words that are unfamiliar to them. Once these words are decoded (glossary, dictionary, dictionary.com, classroom discussion) the student will have a better understanding of the pronunciation and meaning of the unfamiliar word(s) facilitating comprehension.

  • Quotes

    A good conversationalist is not one who remembers what was said, but says what someone wants to remember.
    -John Mason Brown

    The way we communicate with others and with ourselves determines the quality of our lives.
    -Anthony Robbins

    What is the recipe for successful achievement? To my mind there are just four essential ingredients: Choose a career you love, give it the best there is in you, seize your opportunities, and be a member of the team.
    -Benjamin F. Fairless

    Never continue in a job you don’t enjoy. If you’re happy in what you’re doing, you’ll like yourself, you’ll have inner peace. And if you have that, along with physical health, you will have had more success than you could possibly have imagined.
    -Johnny Carson

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Careers in Child Development: Exploring Employment Opportunities
    • Presentation Notes – Careers in Child Development: Exploring Employment Opportunities

    Technology:

    • Infographic:
    • Tedx Talk:
      • Julian Treasure: How to speak so that people want to listen
        Have you ever felt like you’re talking, but nobody is listening? Here’s Julian Treasure to help. In this useful talk, the sound expert demonstrates the how-to’s of powerful speaking — from some handy vocal exercises to tips on how to speak with empathy. A talk that might help the world sound more beautiful.
        http://www.ted.com/talks/julian_treasure_how_to_speak_so_that_people_want_to_listen

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Education and Training in Child Development
    • Pros and Cons of Employment Opportunities in Child Development
    • Setting Career Goals

    Handouts:

    • Occupational Outlook Handbook Flashcards
    • Rubric for Multimedia Presentation – Prezi™
    • Rubric for PowerPoint® Presentation

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • I enjoy working with children because ……
    • I have experience working with children as a ………………
    • Employability skills are important on the job because ………….

    Writing Strategy:

    • RAFT writing strategy
      • Role: Potential employer
      • Audience: Potential employee
      • Format: Memo
      • Topic: 10 most important employability skills to possess
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • I communicate well with people because________________.
    • Why it is important to possess good communication skills, not only in the child care profession but in school, with your parents, teachers, and friends
    • My personal goals are aligned with my career choices by_____________.
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Have student contact a professional in the child care profession and ask to ‘shadow’ that person for three days. The student must keep a journal and document each experience day to day.
    Examples: Elementary teacher/principal, Head Start director, in- home child care provider, pediatrician

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    • Julian Treasure: How to speak so that people want to listen
      Have you ever felt like you’re talking, but nobody is listening? Here’s Julian Treasure to help. In this useful talk, the sound expert demonstrates the how-to’s of powerful speaking — from some handy vocal exercises to tips on how to speak with empathy. A talk that might help the world sound more beautiful.
      http://www.ted.com/talks/julian_treasure_how_to_speak_so_that_people_want_to_listen
  • Family/Community Connection

    Invite a representative from a professional organization in the area of child care to share information. Have speaker focus on aspects of the organization which provides information to child care professionals. Have students write a summary report following the presentation.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA) http://www.texasfccla.org

    STAR Events:

    • Focus on Children: Strategies for Optimizing the Development of Children in Communication
    • Focus on Children: An individual or team event – recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences skills to plan and conduct a child development project that has a positive impact on children and the community.
    • Career Investigation: An individual event – recognizes participants for their ability to perform self-assessments, research and explore a career, set career goals, create a plan for achieving goals, and describe the relationship of Family and Consumer Sciences coursework to the selected career.
    • Job Interview: An individual event – recognizes participants who use Family and Consumer Sciences and/or related occupations skills to develop a portfolio, participate in an interview, and communicate a personal understanding of job requirements.
  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see
    http://www.servicelearningtexas.org

    Example:

    Students work with a local child care center to learn about the problems and needs of the
    child care facilities and working parents. The students will develop a resource packet for parents to place around the community.

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