Building Healthy Family Relationships

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Interpersonal Studies

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (4) The student analyzes the family’s role in relationship development. The student is expected to:
      • (B) investigate the family’s role in fostering the abilities of its members to develop healthy relationships
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • identify the family’s role in fostering healthy relationships
    • recognize how the family relationship affects other relationships
  • Rationale

    Script

    A relationship is normally viewed as a connection between two individuals, such as a romantic or intimate relationship or a parent-child relationship. The first place an individual learns about building relationships is in his or her family. Regardless of whether a person lives with his or her mother, father, grandparents, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles or whomever – the family should be a source of love and comfort for him or her. Family relationships help individuals develop the skills they will need in a variety of relationships throughout their lifetime.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Appreciation: An ability to understand the worth, quality or importance of something

    Commitment: A promise to be loyal to someone or something

    Communication: Process by which ideas, feelings and information are shared; it involves the skills of listening, speaking, careful reading and writing

    Family: A group of people who are related to each other

    Interaction: A mutual or reciprocal action or influence

    Relationship: The way in which two or more people, groups, or countries talk to, behave toward and deal with each other

    Resource: A place or thing that provides something useful

    Spontaneous: Done or said in a natural and often sudden way and without a lot of thought or planning

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (be sure to follow district guidelines for Internet access)
    • presenter remote

    Materials:

    • books on families and relationships
    • decorations to signify holidays we spend with family members
    • graduation cap and gown
    • memorabilia from family vacations
    • pictures of different family members throughout the life cycle

    Supplies:

    • construction paper
    • crayons
    • glue
    • markers
    • scissors

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Prior to class:

    Display as many of the lesson-related materials (see Materials or Specialized Equipment Needed) as you have available on a table in front of the room.

    Become familiar with PowerPoint™, handouts and activities.

    Before class begins:

    Begin class with the following questions and have students share their responses.
    On the board, write the following questions for students to answer in their daily journals or on a separate sheet of paper. Ask students to think about their families and the nature of their relationships.

    • Who are the people you consider family?
    • Which family member are you the closest to?
    • What are some factors within a healthy family relationship?
    • What are some things that families do for each other?
    • What are the qualities of good communication among family members?
    • How can family members’ communication skills affect the self-esteem of other family members?

    Allow for questions and discussion.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute Note Taking: Building Healthy Family Relationships (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. Students will be expected to take notes while viewing the slide presentation. Teacher will determine the notes to be recorded by students.

    Introduce slide presentation Building Healthy Family Relationships (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and begin the discussion with students. Allow for questions and answers to check for understanding.

    Distribute Traits of a Healthy Family Relationships (see All Lesson Attachments tab) graphic organizer. Allow students to complete the handout and begin discussion. Allow for questions and answers to check for understanding.

    YouTube™ videos included in the PowerPoint™:

    • Building Relationships for a Happy, Healthy and Balanced Life
      The most important ingredient for a long, happy, healthy life is a sense of balance between your work and your relationships with your family and the people you care about.
      http://youtu.be/H97Gug4Q230
    • Family Relationships
      One of the important ways to establish and maintain a great relationship is the ability to forgive and forget the little things. We are all human so there can be many little things that occur. In reality though, true big issues or problems happen very rarely.
      http://youtu.be/9i2lLck7UgI

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • printing out PowerPoint™ outline for students to follow
    • checking for understanding frequently

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute Building Different Relationships (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. With a partner, students will complete this worksheet. Students’ answers will vary.

    Allow for questions and answers to check for understanding.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing students extra time to complete the assignment
    • providing fill-in-the-blank note handouts for students to follow during the lesson
    • pairing students with elbow partners who can assist them with verbal and written responses to the lesson

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute What My Family Means to Me (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. Students will be diagramming what their family means to them and their relationships within their family.

    Distribute paper and drawing materials to all students. Allow 15 minutes to work on this activity.

    Ask the group to identify one or two examples of the relationships in their family based on the components in the portrait.

    When time is up, ask for volunteers who will share their family ‘portrait’ with the class. Have each describe the members of his or her family and explain the nature of one or two relationships. Allow as much time as possible for the volunteers to share.

    Allow for questions and answers to check for understanding.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • shortened assignment
    • pairing up with other students
    • providing examples

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Distribute 3-2-1 Strategies for Building Healthy Family Relationships (see All Lesson Attachments tab) handout. The 3-2-1 Strategies for Building Healthy Family Relationships is an instructional strategy that allows students to summarize main ideas, evaluate class processes, answer questions posed at the beginning of the lesson and link to both the past and the future. It also allows the teacher to evaluate the progress of the students and the lesson.

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    The students will write a one-page summary analyzing the importance of the family’s role in fostering healthy relationships. Students will reflect on how the lesson, activities and information will assist them in the future. The reflection and various handouts will be submitted for assessment.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • grading according to the amount of work completed
    • providing constant praise and encouragement

  • References/Resources

    Images:

    • Microsoft Clip Art: Used with permission from Microsoft.

    Textbook:

    • Johnson, L. (2010). Strengthening family & self. (6th ed.). Tinley Park, Illinois: The Goodheart-Willcox Company. Inc.

    Websites:

    YouTube ™:

    • Building Relationships for a Happy, Healthy and Balanced Life
      The most important ingredient for a long, happy, healthy life is a sense of balance between your work and your relationships with your family and the people you care about.
      http://youtu.be/H97Gug4Q230
    • Family Relationships
      One of the important ways to establish and maintain a great relationship is the ability to forgive and forget the little things. We are all human so there can be many little things that occur. In reality though, true big issues or problems happen very rarely.
      http://youtu.be/9i2lLck7UgI
  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Ask students to repeat your instructions back to you to be sure they know what is expected of them before each phase of the lesson.
    • Discuss vocabulary in detail and make sure everyone has a firm grasp on it before moving forward with the lesson.
    • Use graphic organizers and visuals to explain the lesson in detail.
    • Utilize Four Corners Vocabulary / Word Wall Activity.
      http://cte.sfasu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Four-Corner-Vocabulary2.pdf
    • Have students say and write the vocabulary words in their primary languages.
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Current Events:
    Assign students to read about family relationships. Information can be found in newspaper articles, magazines, journals and online print.
    Suggestions:

  • Quotes

    In a united family, happiness springs of itself.
    -Chinese Proverb

    I’ve learned that regardless of your relationship with your parents, you’ll miss them when they’re gone from your life.
    -Maya Angelou

    Often the right path is the one that may be hardest for you to follow. But the hard path is also the one that will make you grow as a human being.
    -Karen Mueller Coombs, Bully at Ambush Corner

    Only the family, society’s smallest unit, can change and yet maintain enough continuity to rear children who will not be “strangers in a strange land,” who will be rooted firmly enough to grow and adapt.
    -Salvador Minuchin, Families and Family Therapy

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • Building Healthy Family Relationships
    • Presentation Notes for Building Healthy Family Relationships

    Technology:

    • Infographic:
      • Working Families Infographic
        The White House Summit on Working Families is shining a light on the challenges facing America’s working families as they strive to achieve the American Dream. Part of the American Dream is making a better life for your children, and yet even when parents work full-time, far too many babies are still living in low-income families, the level below which families have difficulty meeting basic needs and are more likely to face hardships. Many factors contribute to these difficulties, but there are things we can do—ensuring families have access to paid family and medical leave as well as affordable, high-quality child care.
        http://www.zerotothree.org/public-policy/workingfamilies_infograph_facebook.jpeg
    • Tedx Talk:
      • Ric Elias: 3 things I learned while my plane crashed
        Ric Elias had a front-row seat on Flight 1549, the plane that crash-landed in the Hudson River in New York in January 2009. What went through his mind as the doomed plane went down? At TED, he tells his story publicly for the first time.
        https://youtu.be/8_zk2DpgLCs

    YouTube™:

    • Building Relationships for a Happy, Healthy and Balanced Life
      The most important ingredient for a long, happy, healthy life is a sense of balance between your work and your relationships with your family and the people you care about.
      http://youtu.be/H97Gug4Q230
    • Family Relationships
      One of the important ways to establish and maintain a great relationship is the ability to forgive and forget the little things. We are all human so there can be many little things that occur. In reality though, true big issues or problems happen very rarely.
      http://youtu.be/9i2lLck7UgI

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizers:

    • Notes: Building Healthy Family Relationships

    Handouts:

    • 3-2-1 Strategies for Building Healthy Family Relationships
    • Building Different Relationships
    • Traits of a Healthy Family Relationships
    • What My Family Means to Me

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • Why is it important that families build healthy relationships with their members?
    • What are some ways you can improve your relationships with your family members?

    Writing Strategy:

    RAFT writing strategy

    Role: Parent
    Audience: Child
    Format: Informal letter
    Topic: Encouraging letter to help him or her manage their many roles in life

  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Families influence relationships by ____________________.
    • An example of a strong family is one that is _________________.
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    • Develop a comic strip about relationships. Writing the script helps you know how many panels you need. The number of panels you need depends on what you want to say. Drawing a rough draft of the whole comic strip by sketching in stick figures will help you know what should go in each panel. Redraw the comic strip on the final paper, but do it very lightly so you can erase. Lightly draw in the balloons around the words so you’ll know how much space you’ll need. Once everything is lightly sketched how you want it, go back and make the marks dark so you can see them.
    • Divide students into groups of three or four for a “talk show”. One student will be the “host” of the show and the other two or three will be guests. They will pretend that they are on a talk show. The “host” of the show will ask one student about different types of relationships, another student about friendships and dating, and the third student about qualities of a good friend. Let them be creative and figure out how to present the information to a “television” audience.

    TED Talks:

    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks videos and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event.

    The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video, and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    Ric Elias: 3 things I learned while my plane crashed
    Ric Elias had a front-row seat on Flight 1549, the plane that crash-landed in the Hudson River in New York in January 2009. What went through his mind as the doomed plane went down? At TED, he tells his story publicly for the first time.
    https://youtu.be/8_zk2DpgLCs

  • Family/Community Connection

    • Create a questionnaire to ask family and friends about their relationships. Present findings to the class for extra credit.
    • Develop a checklist of ways to promote friendship through communication.
  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
    http://texasfccla.org

    STAR Events:

    • Chapter Service Project
      (Display and Manual): A team event, recognizes chapters that develop and implement an in-depth service project that makes a worthwhile contribution to families, schools and communities. Students must use Family and Consumer Sciences content and skills to address and take action on a community need.

    The FCCLA Families First is a national peer education program through which youth gain a better understanding of how families work and learn skills to become strong family members. Its goals are to help youth become strong family members and leaders for today and tomorrow and strengthen the family as the basic unit of society. To help members focus their projects, Families First offers five units. Members may complete projects in one or several units. There is no particular order to them; however, “Families Today” might be a good place to start. It covers topics that provide a general overview of families and related issues.
    Families Today: Understand and celebrate families
    You-Me-Us: Strengthen family relationships
    Meet the Challenge: Overcome obstacles together
    Balancing Family and Career: Manage multiple responsibilities
    Parent Practice: Learn to nurture children

  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to the lesson. For additional information on service learning see:
    http://www.ysa.org

    • Plan a karaoke party for youth and adults. If you don’t have a karaoke machine, just sing along with favorite songs.
    • Share customs and rituals from your own background. Invite children to help you with a craft project or a meal that highlights one of your cultural traditions.
    • Hold a neighborhood family celebration on the first or last day of the school year. Invite children, parents, teachers and neighbors to join in.

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