A Caregiver’s Responsibilities

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Child Guidance

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student analyzes roles and responsibilities of caregivers. The student is expected to:
      • (A) determine the roles and responsibilities of caregivers related to the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of children
      • (B) apply ethical codes of conduct to positive role modeling behaviors
      • (C) identify strategies for optimizing the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of children, including those with special needs
      • (D) write with proper voice, tense, and syntax, assuring it conforms to English, in creating examples of coherent written communication between parents and children
      • (G) access resources available for effective management of multiple adult roles that affect child care
    • (4) The student analyzes the effect of play in the development of children. The student is expected to:
      • (A) create examples of play that promote the physical, intellectual, emotional, and social development of children;
    • (6) The student makes informed career decisions that reflect personal, family, and career goals. The student is expected to:
      • (E) demonstrate effective verbal, nonverbal, written, and electronic communication skills;
      • (F) demonstrate skills and characteristics of leaders and effective team members
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Students will:

    • understand and recognize the roles and responsibilities of caregivers and how they have an impact on the development of all children including those with special needs
    • understand the influences of ethical behavior
    • proofread and edit a caregiver’s notes to check for spelling and grammatical errors
    • devise an example of a letter written between a parent and a caregiver
    • select statements within the passages and relate to promoting social, intellectual, emotional or physical development of a child
    • develop the daily activities for three days of a day care center keeping in mind the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of the children
  • Rationale

    Script:

    Caregivers play a vital role in the development of children, especially children with special needs. What are the roles of a caregiver? How do the roles different when caring for children with special needs? Making the right decisions in the work environment will promote a positive work ethic. One role and responsibility of child guidance providers is writing and speaking standard English. It is necessary to be able to write directions, letters and notes.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    Assimilation: Children take in new information and try to make it fit with what they already know and understand

    Concepts: General ideas formed from other information—increases rapidly with emerging language skills

    Emotional development: Process by which infants and children begin developing the capacity to experience, express, and interpret emotions

    Ethics: Moral principles that govern a person’s behavior

    Intellectual development: Refers to the growth of children in such a way that their brain becomes more and more capable of understanding and evaluating concepts to make sense out of the world around them

    Integrity: The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness

    Physical development: Physical development is the progress of a child’s mobility, thought processes and sexual characteristics

    Social development: Learning the skills that enable a person to interact and communicate with others in a meaningful way

    Special needs: A child whose physical, mental or emotional abilities or needs are different from those of other children, require special attention

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

    Equipment:

    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • computers with Internet access (Be sure to follow district guidelines for Internet access)

    Materials:

    • copies of handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)
  • Anticipatory Set

    Before class begins:

    Note to teacher – Become familiar with:

    Read the following article to become familiar on how to teach about ethics.

    How to Teach Code of Ethics
    Teaching strong values to young people means helping them establish their own moral compass and learning how to apply it in to their own life circumstances.
    http://www.ehow.com/how_5647233_teach-code-ethics.html

    Locate and set up props in your room to assist students’ memories about childhood activities:

    • bicycle
    • books
    • crayons
    • coloring books
    • dolls
    • jump rope
    • play doctor set
    • play dough
    • toy dishes

    Gather materials and place on a table for students to observe as they enter the classroom.

    As class begins, distribute index cards to students and have them write an example of how a caregiver can help children develop emotionally, socially, physically and intellectually. Example: read books-develop their cognitive skills.
    Place index cards from the Anticipatory Set in a bag and draw one out at a time. Read the example to the class and discuss the importance of caregivers.

    Allow students to participate in discussion. Explain there are many different ways that a caregiver can positively impact a child’s development.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lessons objectives, terms and definitions.

    Teacher note: Please preview the PowerPoint™ A Caregivers’ Responsibilities (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to determine which sections to share with the students.

    Introduce PowerPoint™, A Caregivers’ Responsibilities (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Distribute Hotlines and Online Resources handout (see All Lesson Attachments tab) to identify various resources available for effective management of multiple adult roles that affect child care.
    Teacher note: As enrichment, you can assign a different resource to each student to research what different services are available.

    Show You Tube video: College students interacting with special needs children
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLTaV6fBqX8

    The Daily Oral Language exercise is a sentence written on the board with errors, i. e. punctuation, grammar, spelling and capitalization which the instructor uses to guide students as they make corrections.
    Write a Daily Oral Language statement on the board and as a class, re-write and correct the sentence.

    Writing and speaking standard English is an important responsibility of child guidance providers. It is necessary to be able to write directions, letters and notes.
    Have students brainstorm types of written communication and documents that may be necessary in the Child Guidance profession.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encouraging participation
    • providing positive feedback

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Ask students how they would describe Honesty, Integrity, and Respect of others. Why is this important as a caregiver? You may refer to:

    Students will use their own notebook paper. Divide the sheet of paper into three sections. Label each section – Caregiver – Parents – Children. They will determine how honesty, integrity and respect influence ethical behavior of a caregiver. Students are to describe three situtions in each section which occur that promote postive ethical behavior in a child care setting.

    Distribute Golden Moments With Kids (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Select students to read passages. Have students select statements within the passages and relate to promoting social, intellectual, emotional or physical development of a child.
    Example: They instantly feel better with a hug and a kiss from a loved one.
    Student will write (and sing) the lyrics to a song or joke that focuses on on the healthy emotional development of a child.

    Distribute handout A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Spelling and Grammar Challenge (see All Lessons Attachment tab). Students will proofread and edit Sam’s notes. Check for spelling and grammatical errors.

    Instruct students to write three to five sentences at the bottom of the page devising an example of a letter written between a parent and a caregiver. Express the importance of writing standard English.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • allowing extended time for writing assignments
    • providing more time for practice of certain tasks

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Scenario: You have recently been hired at a local day care center. You have been assigned the task of developing the daily activities of the day care center keeping in mind the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of the children at a day care center.

    Distribute A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project handout (see All Lesson Attachment tab). Students work in groups of four to research the developmental stages of a child and determine strategies optimizing the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of children, including those with special needs. The project will be assessed by Rubric for A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project (see All Lesson Attachment tab) and an individual reflection.

    • Note to teacher: You may invite a day care owner/worker as a guest speaker. She can evaluate the student’s three day planning activity. She share an insight view of being a caregiver and provide the students with suggestions and advice on their three day planning activity.
    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:
    • minimizing auditory distractions
    • encouraging participation
    • extending “wait time”
  • Lesson Closure

    Ball Toss Review:

    At the end of the lesson, have students review what they have learned by participating in a Ball Toss Activity. Instruct everyone to stand in a circle and toss the ball to each other. The student that catches the ball must answer a review question. If a student does not know the answer, he/she may pass the ball to another student for assistance.
    Sample questions may include :
    1. What is meant by physical development?
    2. How does a child develop intellectually?
    3. What are the four components of the developmental process?
    4. Explain the responsibilities of caregivers.
    5. Give examples of how the responsibilities of special needs children are different than those of other children.
    6. List a minimum of five grammar rules to remember when writing a letter.
    7. What is social development?

  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be assessed by Rubric for A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project

    Reflection: Using the information gathered in A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project, each team member is required to write a reflection on their role in this group project and a brief analysis of how this project will assist them with the roles and responsibilities of a caregiver. The reflection and rubric will be submitted for assessment.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • simplifying instructions
    • repeating instructions

  • References/Resources

    Textbook:

    • Stephens, K., & Hammonds-Smith, M. (2004). Child & adult care professional. (pp. 449-472). Peoria: McGraw Hill Glencoe.

    Websites:

    • National Early Childhood Technical Association Center
      Promoting Social-emotional Well being in Early Intervention Services
      http://www.nectac.org
    • Zero to Three
      ZERO TO THREE is a national, nonprofit organization that informs, trains, and supports professionals, policymakers, and parents in their efforts to improve the lives of infants and toddlers.
      http://www.zerotothree.org

    YouTube™:

  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

    • Word wall
      Play music as students walk around classroom. When music stops, have students find a partner, give a high-five and choose a word from the word wall. One student gives the definition and the other an example of the word.
    • Allow extra processing time
    • Allow use of drawings to demonstrate understanding
  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:
    http://www.achievetexas.org/Career%20Cluster%20Crosswalks.htm

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Read The Crippled Lamb (see Materials list) to the class and show pictures as you read. Ask students to discuss the story and how everyone has special needs.

    The Word Attack Strategy will be utilized. Advise students prior to reading the article, to skim the article and circle / underline words that are unfamiliar to them. For example, any child guidance acronyms or lingo used in the child guidance field. The students will be encouraged to use http://www.dictionary.com and to check the word wall to help with decoding. This procedure will help with understanding of them meaning and pronunciation of the words.

  • Quotes

    The family is both the fundamental unit of society as well as the root of culture. It is a perpetual source of encouragement, advocacy, assurance, and emotional refueling that empowers a child to venture with confidence into the greater world and to become all that he can be.
    - Marianne E. Neifert

    Children need models more than they need critics.
    -Joseph Joubert

    Nothing you do for a child is ever wasted.
    -Garrison Keillor

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies

    PowerPoint™:

    • A Caregiver’s Responsibilities
    • Presentation Notes-A Caregiver’s Responsibilities

    Technology:

    Dr. Terrie Rose-From the Baby’s Point of View
    Founder and executive director of Baby’s Space, Dr. Terrie Rose uses her own experiences as a mother and child psychologist to approach and develop ideas and research based on child development.
    http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/TEDxTC-Terrie-Rose-From-the-Bab

    YouTube™:

    • Working with Special needs children
      Uploaded by ecuadorvolunteers on Apr 25, 2011
      This project host children with severe brain disabilities and they need help from all over the world to learn about sharing love and care. We want invite you to be part be of this program where the love is something important for who received it and who give it.
      http://youtu.be/VLTaV6fBqX8

    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Handouts:

    • A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project
    • A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Spelling and Grammar Challenge
    • Golden Moments With Kids
    • Hotlines and Online Resources
    • Rubric for A Caregiver’s Responsibilities Group Project
  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    • Why is it important to speak and write in standard English?
    • As a caregiver, I can help children develop physically and mentally by________.
    • What are some responsibilities of caregivers?

    Writing Strategy:

    • Have students write a letter to parents concerning their child. It can be a positive note or a note about the child’s behavior. Have another student proof read the letter to make sure the letter is written in appropriate voice, tense and syntax.
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Explain why it’s important to write in standard grammar when communicating with parents.
    • Explain the responsibilities of caregivers related to a child’s development.
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Have students observe a child in a child care setting. Have student record information concerning the child’s development.

    TEDx Talk:
    TED is a nonprofit organization devoted to spreading ideas, usually in the form of short, powerful talks (18 minutes or less). The video below is related to this lesson. Allow students to view the video and lead a discussion concerning the TED Talk.

    Dr. Terrie Rose-From the Baby’s Point of View
    Founder and executive director of Baby’s Space, Dr. Terrie Rose uses her own experiences as a mother and child psychologist to approach and develop ideas and research based on child development.
    http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/TEDxTC-Terrie-Rose-From-the-Bab

  • Family/Community Connection

    Have students research the internet about children with special needs and type reports describing the condition and the suggested ways a caregiver can optimize their physical, emotional, social and intellectual development. Have students give oral reports on their findings.
    Topic examples: diabetes, down syndrome, epilepsy, mental impairments, sickle cell anemia, cerebral palsy, AIDS, etcetera.

    Invite an owner/worker of a local day care center to speak to the students about the responsibilities of a caregiver.

  • CTSO connection

    Family, Career, Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
    http://texasfccla.org

    FCCLA: Families First

    • Families First Units:
      To help members focus their projects, Families First offers five units. Members may complete projects in one or several units. There is no particular order to them; although, “Families Today” might be a good place to start. It covers topics that provide a general overview of families and related issues:
      Families Today: Understand and celebrate families
      You-Me-Us: Strengthen family relationships
      Meet the Challenge: Overcome obstacles together
      Balancing Family and Career: Manage multiple responsibilities
      Parent Practice: Learn to nurture children.

    Texas Association of Future Educators (TAFE)
    http://tafeonline.org

    TAFE Character Counts—students will write and draw a children’s book with a moral character. This is a state Project competition.

  • Service Learning Projects

    Successful service learning project ideas originate from student concerns and needs. Allow students to brainstorm about service projects pertaining to lesson. For additional information on service learning see
    http://www.servicelearningtexas.org

    Possible idea:
    The students will demonstrate their service learning skills by recycling, repairing and donating educational toys to a local daycare/women’s shelter/children’s home.

    As a reflection, the students will evaluate how their skills aided them in the project.
    Do they feel they made an impact at the community venue and school?
    Did the project achieve its purpose?
    What might you do differently next time?
    What did each student gain from this experience and contribution including both in learning and in the service?

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