0˚ Haircut

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  • Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

    Cluster : Human Services

    Course : Cosmetology I

  • TEKS Student Expectations

    • (1) The student investigates the employability characteristics of a successful worker in the workplace. The student is expected to:
      • (D) apply the technical knowledge and skills required to be successful in careers in the personal care service area
    • (5) The student integrates the academic and technical knowledge and skills for cosmetology to simulated and actual work situations. The student is expected to:
      • (E) implement ethical and legal conduct while working in the personal care industry
      • (F) execute actions that comply with legal requirements for personal liability to guide personal conduct in the personal care services setting
  • Basic Direct Teach Lesson

    Instructional Objectives

    Upon completion of this assignment, the student will be able to correctly cut a 0 degree haircut according to guidelines established by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation.

    Students will:

    • demonstrate proper handling of equipment
    • complete all sanitation procedures for a haircut
    • demonstrate a 0 degree haircut on a manikin
  • Rationale

    Have you ever walked by a picture hanging on the wall and it was crooked? Did you have the urge to straighten it? You know it would look so much more aesthetically pleasing if it was. Performing 0 degree haircuts is similar to this. They must be straight in order to look right. Today you will learn how to perform a 0 degree haircut so that it will be straight across in the back and look fabulous.

  • Duration of Lesson

    Three 45 minute class periods

  • Word Wall

    0 degree haircut: low elevation, blunt haircut

    Guideline: A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut

    Palm the shears: Curling the fingers around shears while combing or parting hair to reduce strain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair

    Sectioning: To divide the hair by parting into uniform working areas for control

    Sub-sections: Smaller sections within a larger section of hair, used to maintain control of the hair while cutting

  • Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed


    • computer with projector for PowerPoint™ presentation
    • presenter remote


    • pen


    Students will provide:

    • haircutting comb
    • jaw clamps
    • manikin and stand
    • shears
    • water bottle

    • copies of all handouts (see All Lesson Attachments tab)

  • Anticipatory Set

    Before Class begins:

    Gather as many items for demonstration as you have available (see Materials and Specialized Equipment Needed section) and lay on a table in front of the classroom.

    Ask students the following questions:

    • How many of you have had a bad haircut? (Most will raise their hands)
    • How important is a haircut to a hairstyle? (You will get a high % to agree to its importance)
    • How many of you know Geometry? (Some will raise hands)
    • How important is Geometry in hair cutting? (Most will say none, or similar response)

    Explain to students how relevant Geometry really is to hair cutting.

  • Direct Instruction with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Introduce lesson objectives, terms, and definitions.

    Introduce PowerPoint™ 0° Haircut (see All Lesson Attachments tab). Using a head form and appropriate tools, you may demonstrate as you follow the slide presentation.

    Distribute handout 0° Haircut Notes (see All Lesson Attachments tab) and allow students to take notes.

    View YouTube™ videos:

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • highlight materials for emphasis
    • provide students with vocabulary list with definitions prior to lesson
    • work with a peer tutor
    • use study guides
    • provide printed slide presentation

  • Guided Practice with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Distribute graphic organizer Geometry Hair Cutting Techniques (see All Lesson Attachments tab).

    Explain to students how hair cutting is related to geometry. Both share the same terms.

    Assist students as they relate geometry to hair cutting techniques.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • work with peer tutor
    • check for understanding

  • Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Students will be cutting their manikins independently.

    Distribute Rubric for 0° Haircut (see All Lesson Attachments Tab). Allow students to review the components of the rubric.

    Inform students that they will practice cutting their manikin using the demonstration, PowerPoint™ and Headform Handout notes as guides.

    The instructor should monitor student performance throughout the haircut. Provide reteaching as needed.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • encourage participation
    • give praise

  • Lesson Closure

    Review lesson objectives, terms and definitions.

    Q and A Session

    • Q: What angle is this haircut?
      A: 0 degree
    • Q: What angle should the head be held?
      A: Perpendicular to the floor or 90 degree.
    • Q: How many sections are needed for this haircut?
      A: 4
    • Q: What size are the sub-sections?
      A: ½”
    • Q: What direction are sub-sections parted in the back sections?
      A: diagonal
    • Q: What direction are sub-sections parted on the side sections?
      A: horizontal
    • Q: When should the hair be swept?
      A: Immediately after the cut.
    • Q: Where does hair belong once it has been swept up?
      A: In a covered trash receptacle.
  • Summative/End of Lesson Assessment with Special Education Modifications/Accommodations

    Zero degree haircuts on manikins will be assessed with appropriate rubric.

    Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

    • extended time
    • give praise

  • References/Resources


    • Frangle, C.M. (2012). Milady standard cosmetology. Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning.
    • Texas Cosmetology Commission Practical Exam Guide


  • Additional Required Components

    English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies

  • College and Career Readiness Connection

    AchieveTexas Career Cluster Crosswalks

    The Career Cluster Crosswalks housed on the AchieveTexas website http://www.achievetexas.org/index.html provide Texas teachers with a direct connection between their CTE course TEKS and the College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS). Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, and Cross-Disciplinary integration are the focus of the CCRS. These college and career readiness standards are essential in the planning and delivery of CTE lessons. The extent to which the integration occurs is determined by the methods and strategies utilized by each teacher.

    Career Cluster Crosswalks for Education and Training, Hospitality and Tourism, and Human Services Career Clusters can be found at:

  • Recommended Strategies

    Reading Strategies

    Have students read articles on new and trendy hair cutting techniques.

    Reading Strategy:
    Encourage students to “visualize” as they read. Many students are visual learners and will benefit from making sketches or diagrams on scrap paper as they read. Providing students with graphic organizers to help them organize their thoughts is also helpful.

  • Quotes

    You’re only as good as your last haircut.
    -Fran Lebowitz

    I’m the star of the show. I should have a decent haircut.
    -David James Elliott

    Having a bad haircut can be quite traumatic!
    -Rachel Stevens

  • Multimedia/Visual Strategies


    • 0° Haircut
    • Presentation Notes – 0° Haircut


    Files for downloading:

  • Graphic Organizers/Handout

    Graphic Organizer:

    • 0° Haircut Notes
    • Geometry Hair Cutting Techniques
    • Geometry Hair Cutting Techniques (Key)


    • Rubric for 0° Haircut

    Files for downloading:

  • Writing Strategies

    Journal Entries:

    My favorite hairstylist is…
    The zero degree haircut is the most difficult haircut because ….
    My worst haircut made me……

    Writing Strategies:

    • RAFT Writing Strategy
      • Role – client
      • Audience – hairdresser
      • Format – letter of complaint
      • Topic – bad haircut
  • Communication 90 Second Speech Topics

    • Three reasons why I like my hair stylist are…..
    • List the steps to a 0 degree haircut ….
  • Other Essential Lesson Components

    Enrichment activity

    Students will be able to practice this haircut on customers during customer lab days.

  • Family/Community Connection

    Student leaders, along with the instructor may plan a “Trim-a-thon” Day. Offer a day where friends or family or other students can come in and receive FREE 0 degree haircuts. This will help students learn to practice different length 0 degree trims on different types of hair.

  • CTSO connection



    • Cosmetology – Students will demonstrate their skills in hair cutting, hair styling and long hair design in four separate tests. All work is performed on mannequins so everyone begins with the same model and the same type of hair. Contestants will create one 90 degree women’s haircut, one woman’s and one man’s cut from a finished photo. A display of creativity is seen in the long hair segment of the competition where these future salon professionals demonstrate their own design skills. A parade finale closes the contest with each contestant walking down the stage with their completed mannequins to present to the audience.
  • Service Learning Projects

    True service learning is developed with student voice about concerns and needs. As the students are learning and researching this topic, ask them to think about ways they can maximize their learning to benefit others.


    Brainstorm with your students for service learning projects pertaining to this lesson.


    Students may call various nursing homes to set up salon stations for the elderly who do not have access to barber shops or salons. Students may make arrangements to visit once a month to volunteer their time cutting hair. This will allow them practice time while providing a much needed service.

  • All Attachments