Counseling and Mental Health Course Outline

The lessons in this course may be used in any sequence. The suggested sequence order is as follows:

All TEKS Overview

I. Perspectives of Mental Health: Past and Present

A. Historical treatments for the mentally ill
B. Theoretical perspectives on mental illness in the twentieth century

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (C) identify societal perspectives related to mental health
  • (3) The student researches career options and the preparation necessary for employment in mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (C) justify the consequences of decisions
  • (4) The student models the ethical behavior standards and legal responsibilities related to mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (A) display ethical practices and the principles of confidentiality
    • (C) examine designated scope of practice of professionals

II. Developmental Stages

A. Human development – from infancy to geriatrics
B. Geriatrics
C. Life stages
D. Individual differences

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (C) identify societal perspectives related to mental health
    • (D) explain the physiological effects of stress and aging
    • (E) distinguish the psychological aspects of health and wellness across the life span
    • (F) identify socioeconomic factors that influence mental health and care

III. Stress and Coping

A. Emotions
B. Perceptions of control
C. Stress and coping

  • 1. Defense mechanisms
  • 2. Effective coping mechanisms
  • 3. Ineffective coping

D. Types of behavior

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (A) evaluate the use of verbal and nonverbal language in a variety of mental health situations
    • (D) explain the physiological effects of stress and aging
    • (H) differentiate maladaptive conditions such as paranoia, schizophrenia, and aggression

IV. Communication

A. Impersonal communication
B. Interpersonal communication
C. Communication filters
D. Nonverbal Communication
E. Effective Communication

  • 1. Who is responsible
  • 2. Improving personal communication
  • 3. Active listening
  • 4. Empathic listening

F. Peer mediation, problem solving and negotiation

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (A) evaluate the use of verbal and nonverbal language in a variety of mental health situations
  • (2) The student demonstrates verbal and nonverbal communication skills. The student is expected to:
    • (A) interpret verbal and nonverbal messages and adapt communication to the needs of the individual
    • (B) demonstrate listening skills and techniques to minimize communication barriers
    • (C) implement communication skills that are responsive rather than reactive
  • (3) The student researches career options and the preparation necessary for employment in mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (D) demonstrate techniques of peer mediation, problem solving, and negotiation
    • (E) interpret, transcribe, and communicate mental health vocabulary

V. The Brain: Biological Basis of Behavior

A. Central nervous system

  • 1. Parts and functions
  • 2. Neurophysiology: chemical events at the synapse
  • 3. Imaging of the brain

B. Equipment and technology

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (B) explain the nervous system of the human body
  • (6) The student analyzes the technology related to information services. The student is expected to:
    • (A) review the processes for collection and dissemination of health care data
    • (B) classify equipment used in the delivery of mental health services
    • (C) employ technology consistent with the student’s level of training

VI. Maladaptive Conditions and Disorders

A. Personality disorders
B. Anxiety disorders
C. Somatoform disorders
D. Dissociative disorders
E. Mood disorders
F. Psychotic disorders
G. Substance-related disorders
H. Eating disorders
I. Other addictive disorders (i.e., gambling)

  • (1) The student applies mathematics, science, English language arts, and social studies in health science. The student is expected to:
    • (F) identify socioeconomic factors that influence mental health and care
    • (G) compare social services such as drug dependency rehabilitation centers
    • (H) differentiate maladaptive conditions such as paranoia, schizophrenia, and aggression
  • (2) The student demonstrates verbal and nonverbal communication skills. The student is expected to:
    • (C) implement communication skills that are responsive rather than reactive
  • (3) The student researches career options and the preparation necessary for employment in mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (F) investigate treatment options

VII. Treatment Modalities

A. Diagnosis
B. Modes of treatment
C. Dealing with problem situations and behaviors
D. Ethical and legal responsibilities

  • (3) The student researches career options and the preparation necessary for employment in mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (B) research the role of the multidisciplinary team negotiation
    • (C) justify the consequences of decisions
    • (F) investigate treatment options
  • (4) The student models the ethical behavior standards and legal responsibilities related to mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (A) display ethical practices and the principles of confidentiality
    • (B) research and describe legal aspects and issues of malpractice, negligence, and liability
    • (D) recognize client rights and choices and circumstances that alter client rights
    • (E) dramatize case studies related to client rights and choices
    • (F) review legislation that affects standards of client care
    • (G) describe regulatory agencies such as the Department of State Health Services and Department of Aging and Disability Services
  • (5) The student maintains a safe environment to prevent hazardous situations. The student is expected to:
    • (A) recognize abusive situations
    • (B) anticipate and adapt to changing situations
    • (C) demonstrate appropriate actions in emergency situations
    • (D) practice personal and client safety

VIII. Counseling and Mental Health Careers

A. Career opportunities

  • 1. Psychiatrists
  • 2. Psychologists
  • 3. Related fields

B. Desirable personal traits

  • (3) The student researches career options and the preparation necessary for employment in mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (A) identify career opportunities related to mental health
  • (4) The student models the ethical behavior standards and legal responsibilities related to mental health. The student is expected to:
    • (C) examine designated scope of practice of professionals

All TEKS Review

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